- Author: Lisa Blecker
- Author: Sarah Risorto
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) recently published the revised Agricultural Worker Protection Standard (WPS). The WPS is meant to increase protections for agricultural fieldworkers and pesticide handlers from pesticide exposure when working in farms, forests, nurseries and greenhouses. The changes will definitely affect California agriculture, and soon-- as early as January 2017 in some cases.
What major regulatory changes are in store for us and when will they happen?
Several changes are required to be in place by January 2, 2017. These include:
- All 417,000 fieldworkers in California must attend annual pesticide safety training.
- Records of all fieldworker pesticide safety trainings must be kept on file for 2 years.
- Fields must be posted when the restricted entry interval (REI) exceeds 48 hours.
- Instructors previously certified via Train-the-Trainer to lead pesticide safety trainings must now attend an EPA-approved Train-the-Trainer course to maintain that certification.
The regulatory changes that are required to be in place by January 2, 2018 include:
Additional training topics for fieldworkers and handlers must be added to the curriculum.
- “Application-exclusion zones” must be implemented to prevent the entry of anyone into areas up to 100 feet from pesticide application equipment. Application-exclusion zone regulations also require handlers to suspend an application if anyone enters the restricted area.
Who do these changes affect?
Many people who work in the California agricultural community will be impacted by the WPS revisions including fieldworkers, pesticide handlers, farm labor contractors, private and in-house safety trainers, growers, farm managers, licensed pesticide applicators (private and commercial), pest control advisors (PCAs), and crop consultants to name a few.
The new changes bring about a shared liability with all those involved in employing or training fieldworkers and handlers.
How can I get qualified as a trainer?
To become a trainer, take an EPA- and DPR- approved Instructor Training (a.k.a. “Train-the-Trainer”) workshop. The University of California Pesticide Safety Education Program (part of the UC Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program, UC IPM), in partnership with AgSafe, will offer multiple workshops this fall that cover the new federal requirements for fieldworker and handler training. Visit the Events and workshops page on the UC IPM website to reserve your spot. At the end of the training you will be a certified pesticide safety instructor.
Remember, even if you've already participated in a Train-the-Trainer workshop, you are required by EPA to retake the program unless you maintain certain licenses/government designations, including PAC, QAC, QAL, PCA, and certain County Biologist licenses. UCCE Advisors are also exempted from the need to retrain.
If I am currently qualified, how can I make sure I stay up to date on all these new requirements?
If you are currently qualified as a trainer because you maintain a California PAC, QAC, or QAL, or if you are a PCA, you can attend a Train-the-Trainer workshop this fall to learn about the new WPS requirements and additional training topics. While a certification may qualify you, a Train-the-Trainer Workshop will prepare you to train! Register today.
High schools are looking for business and community partners that can provide "linked learning" opportunities to students as they prepare for college and careers. Lindcove REC recently engaged freshmen students from Woodlake High School Ag Academy in a full morning of hands-on, experiential learning that linked them to real-world ag science research and ag mechanics. Ag science students participated in an experiment to determine the best pesticide treatment for citricola scale. Ag mechanics students learned about irrigation, how the fruit grading system on the packline functions and they learned about shop tools. The outreach was well-received by both the teachers and the students who rated the visit as outstanding! We look forward to sharing Lindcove REC with more local high school Ag Academy programs in Tulare County.
- Author: Elizabeth E Grafton-Cardwell
A delegation from Punjab Pakistan visited California during August 7-17 to learn about research and extension activities in California agriculture and to develop relationships that will lead to training programs. The delegation included vice Chancellors from Lasbela University, Sind University, and Agriculture University Peshawar, faculty from the University of Agriculture, Faisalabad as well as a group of farmers. At Lindcove REC, they were given an overview of citriculture and research activities and a demonstration of the fruit grading system in the packline.
- Author: Elizabeth E Grafton-Cardwell
Lindcove Research and Extension Center received funds this year from UC Ag and Natural Resources to purchase a modular office building to support research at the Center. Lindcove REC has laboratories and field plots available for research by faculty, specialists and farm advisors who travel from as far away as UC Davis and UC Riverside. This new modular building will provide office space and high speed internet capability for visitors and their staff.
- Author: Therese Kapaun
The Asian longhorned beetle is native to China, Japan, and Korea. This bark beetle has a wide host range in Asia, and in recent years populations have established in small areas of New York, New Jersey, Ohio, Massachusetts, and Illinois. Examples of the beetle's preferred host trees commonly found in the US include maple, birch, poplar, willow, elm, and mulberry.
Lindcove Research and Extension Center (LREC) is participating in a study being conducted in Massachusetts by Dr. Juli Gould and Dr. David Williams of USDA-APHIS at the Otis Lab in Buzzards Bay, MA. In China, the researchers found a parasitic beetle and four species of parasitic wasp that kill developing bark beetle larvae, and imported these natural enemies to the quarantine facility in Massachusetts. The host specificity tests they are conducting include a number of species of native bark beetles.
LREC has several non-fruiting mulberry trees and periodically the researchers at the Otis Lab ask us to ship branches and small logs from the trees for use in caged studies as egg laying sites for adult female beetles as well as food for developing larvae.