Asian Citrus Psyllid Distribution and Management
University of California
Asian Citrus Psyllid Distribution and Management

Eradication Strategy

Treatment Approach

Principles for treating commercial citrus orchards with first appearance of ACP or where aggressive action is being taken in HLB Quarantine areas: 

  1. Apply two ACP effective insecticides with different mode of actions as soon as possible after detection of ACP, with at least one from the broad spectrum group.  The best treatment combination is a foliar pyrethroid (Baythroid, Danitol, Tombstone, or Mustang) plus a systemic neonicotinoid (Admire Pro or generic imidacloprid, Platinum). Apply the foliar first for rapid knockdown and the systemic close to the same time since it takes time for uptake into the tree.  Use a systemic only if it will be effective; proper irrigation system, soil type and appropriate timing (June-October).
  2. If a systemic neonicotinoid can not be used, then apply two foliar applications approximately 1 month apart (within a life cycle of the insect). Use a pyrethroid or Actara first, then follow with any ACP effective insecticide shown in the table with a different mode of action.   If weather or other conditions delay applications, treat as soon as possible. 
  3. Treat the find site and neighbor orchards as close to the same time as possible, preferably within 2 weeks of each other to achieve the ‘area treatment effect’.  All blocks that intersect an 800 m radius should be treated in their entirety.  Blocks that are outside the 800 meters and are in the direction of prevailing winds should also be considered for treatment.

Seasonal Aspects of the Program

Psyllids may be discovered in a new region at any time of year, yet insecticides may or may not be effective when the psyllid arrives.  Below is a table suggesting treatment strategies taking into consideration the seasons.  Always be aware of REI, PHI, MRLs and maximum uses per season that limit the uses of some insecticides.

Winter: In the winter, the population consists primarily of psyllid adults, temperatures are cold and so some insecticides don’t work and it is difficult to treat multiple times.  Therefore, the recommendation in winter is to apply a pyrethroid. 

Spring: The first insecticide should be a pyrethroid to get maximum kill of the psyllid, and the second insecticide can be a softer insecticide.  However, if the ACP detection situation arises during bloom, treatment choices need to be adjusted to avoid hazards to bees.

Summer-fall: In summer and early fall, uptake of neonicotinoids is good and so these should be combined with the pyrethroid.  The systemic will extend the length of control and improve control of nymphs. 

 

Winter
Dec-Feb

Spring
Feather Flush
to petal fall  

Summer –Fall
  

Best management Practice

Pyrethroid

Pyrethroid + other foliar applied approx 4 weeks apart

Pyrethroid + systemic neonicotinoid applied simultaneously OR other foliar

Treatment 1

Danitol (fenpropathrin)

Baythroid XL (beta cyfluthrin)

Mustang (zeta cypermethrin)

Tombstone (cyfluthrin)

Leverage (beta cyfluthrin + imidacloprid)

Danitol

Baythroid XL

Mustang

Tombstone

Danitol

Baythroid XL

Mustang

Tombstone

Treatment 2

 

Actara, Exirel, *Fujimite, Movento, Lorsban (=/>4 pts),  *Sivanto, *Lannate

systemic imidacloprid or platinum (Jun-Oct with root activity)

OR other foliar such as Actara, Exirel, *Fujimite, Movento, Lorsban  *Sivanto, *Lannate

 *could be used during bloom

 

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