Woody biomass comprises residues of the wood processing industry, post-consumer woody waste materials and agricultural residues in addition to material arising from forest management or fuels reduction activities.
The challenges for using woody biomass are many and the economic opportunities limited. Although there is a long list of products that could be produced from woody biomass there are often competing raw materials to make these products that are of higher quality and lower cost. The solutions to providing more opportunities for woody biomass are to encourage the use in efficient energy conversion facilities (power plants, heat and power systems, etc.), use small diameter trees in their round form instead of trying to produce lumber, support the research and development needed to encourage investment in higher value fiber uses for composite materials (such as composite panels and wood fiber/plastic products), and continue the search for cost-effective chemical processing to biofuels and other organic chemicals.
For further information see The Resource and Technology. Further pages on technologies coming soon!
Publications (pdf files) are available below on a range of topics.
Woody Biomass Resources
Information from the Forest Service and others. All files are in PDF format.
|Dry Forest Mechanized Fuel Treatment Trials Report||
Report looking at costs, production, and impact of treatment of non-commercial forest biomass, especially in the dry forests of the Intermountain West. This project included fuels treatment trials in four locations throughout three states.
|Woody Biomass Feedstock Yard Business Development Guide||A resource and business guide to developing a woody biomass collection yard. USDA Forest Service, 2010||3/14/10|
|Woody Biomass Utilization Desk Guide||USDA Forest Service, August 2007||3/14/10|
|A Planning Guide for Small and Medium Size Wood Products Companies||USDA Forest Service NE Area, 2nd Edition, July 2005||3/14/10|
Simple, concise information on a range of utilization options and processes. All files are in PDF format.
|Pyrolysis Fact Sheet||
Woody Biomass Utilization - Draft fact sheet on pyrolysis technologies
|Densified Wood Fuels Fact Sheet||
Woody Biomass Utilization - Draft fact sheet on densified wood fuels (pellets, presto logs, bricks etc)
|Electricity from Biomass Fact Sheet||
Woody Biomass Utilization - Draft fact sheet on electricity from biomass
|Introduction to Woody Biomass||
Woody Biomass Utilization - Draft introduction to woody biomass as a feedstock
|2008 Farm Bill Renewable Energy Provisions||USDA factsheet on Title IX of the 2008 Farm Bill which focuses on the Renewable Energy Provisions||10/16/08|
|Wood Heat Solutions (low res for on screen - 2MB)||A Community Guide to Biomass Thermal Projects: produced by Resource Innovations at the University of Oregon.||4/2/10|
|Wood Heat Solutions (high res for printing - 13MB)||A Community Guide to Biomass Thermal Projects: produced by Resource Innovations at the University of Oregon.||4/2/10|
|IG003 - Woody Biomass Definitions and Conversions Factors||A simple glossary of terms, units used and conversion factors relating to woody biomass||12/13/07|
|IG002 - Use of Wood as a Media for Odor Control||The results of a brief literature and internet search for information relating to the use of wood chips as an air filtration media||7/17/08|
|IG001 - Formaldehyde Use in Wood Based Panels||A look at the new formaldehyde standards adopted by the California Air Resource Board (CARB) in April 2007 and their potential impacts on the panel board industry||7/31/08|