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Alternatives to Methyl Bromide
University of California
Alternatives to Methyl Bromide

Papers and Publications

(in order by year, author, title)

2007

Ajwa, H., S. Gao, D. Sullivan, R. Segawa, and D. Shatley. 2007. Methods to reduce fumigant volatilization losses from agricultural fields. In: 2007 California Plant and Soil Conference, California Chapter American Society of Agronomy. Sacramento, CA. February 6-7, 2007.

Elmore, C.L., J.D. MacDonald, H. Ferris, A. Chase, H. Ajwa, K. Robb, C. Wilen, I. Zasada, S. Fennimore, and S. Tjosvold. 2007. Soil Pests of Floriculture Crops and Potential Control with Methyl Bromide Alternatives in California. California Cut Flower Commission.

2006

Ajwa, H.A., S. Klose, S. Shem-Tov, C. Elmore, and M.A. Mellano. 2006. Ranunculus production with methyl bromide alternatives In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Ajwa, H.A., S. Shem-Tov, S. Fennimore, and B. Weber. 2006. Efficacy of two formulations of Midas for strawberry production In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions. (Proceedings 56).

Fennimore, S., S. Shem-Tov, H.Ajwa, and J.B. Weber. 2006. Retention of broadcast-applied fumigants with impermeable film in strawberry In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Ha, W. and H.A. Ajwa. 2006. Plastic film permeability to soil fumigants In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Klose, S., H.A. Ajwa, M. Bolda, O. Daugovish, and D. Shaw. 2006. Nitrogen dynamics in soils of alternative fumigation systems In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Klose, S., H.A. Ajwa, S. Shem-Tov, S.A. Fennimore, K. Subbarao, J. MacDonald, H. Ferris, F. Martin, and J. Gerik. 2006. Methyl bromide alternatives for California-grown calla lilies In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Shem-Tov, S., H.A. Ajwa, and S. Fennimore. 2006. Strawberry yield and weed control with alternative fumigants applied in combination with metam under various tarps In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Shem-Tov, S., H.A. Ajwa, S.A. Fennimore, and J. Hunzie. 2006. Strawberry production and weed control in soils treated with Basamid and chloropicrin In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

2005

Ajwa, H.A., S. Fennimore, G. Browne, F. Martin, T. Trout, J. Duniway, S. Shem-Tov, and, O. Daugovish. 2005. Strawberry yield with various rates of chloropicrin and Inline applied under VIF In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Ajwa, H.A., S. Shem-Tov, S. Klose, S. Fennimore, and K. Roth. 2005. Strawberry yield and weed control with shank and drip applied Midas In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Browne, G., J. Duniway, B. Westerdahl, F. Martin, H. Ajwa, and S. Fennimore. 2005. Effects of VIF and chloropicrin and Inline rates on survival of nematodes and pathogens in soil In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Fennimore, S., Z. Kabir, H. Ajwa, O. Daugovish, and K. Roth. 2005. Chloropicrin and Inline lethal dose on nutsedge and knotweed under impermeable film In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Nelson, S., A. Khan, C. Simpson, H. Ajwa, and C. Duerksen. 2005. Behavior of MITC in soil after application of metam-Na and metam-k In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Schneider, S., T. Trout, and H. Ajwa. 2005. Field evaluations of methyl bromide alternatives for vineyard replant In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Shem-Tov, S. H.A. Ajwa, and S.A. Fennimore 2005. Effect of alternative tarp and fumigants combinations with metam sodium on strawberry yield In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Shem-Tov, S., S. Klose, S. Fennimore, H. Ajwa, and K. Roth. 2005. Effect of band or bed top applied Basamid on strawberry weed control and yield In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Sullivan, D.A., H.Ajwa, and J. Radewald. 2005. Results of the USDA study: commericialization of enhanced water sealing methods In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

2004

Ajwa, H.A., S. Fennimore, Z. Kabir, F. Martin, J. Duniway, G. Browne, T. Trout, A. Khan, and O. Daugovish. 2004. Strawberry yield with chloropicrin and Inline in combination with metam sodium and VIF In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Duerksen, C. and H. Ajwa. 2004. Drip fumigation with K-Pam HL and Vapam HL In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Elmore, C.L., C. Wilen, K. Robb, and H. Ajwa. 2004. Three years of preplant shank, incorporation or drip fumigation in flower crops In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Fennimore, S.A., J.M. Duniway, F.N. Martin, G.T. Browne, Z. Kabir, C.Q. Winterbottom, H.A. Ajwa, B.B. Westerdahl, R.E. Goodhue, and M.J. Haar. 2004. Alternative fumigants for strawberry nursery production in California: A summary In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Fennimore, S. Z. Kabir, H. Ajwa, O. Daugovish, K. Roth, and J. Rachuy. 2004. Weed response to chloropicrin and Inline dose under VIF and standard film. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Gao, S., T. Trout, S. Schneider, H. Ajwa, and G. Browne. 2004. Distribution and dissipation of 1,3-D and chloropicrin after shank and drip applications in a clay loam soil In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Goodhue, R.E., S.A. Fennimore, and H.A. Ajwa. 2004. Economics of VIF use with Inline and PIC EC in California strawberries In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Goodhue, R.E., S.A. Fennimore, and H.A. Ajwa. 2004. Economics of methyl bromide use in California strawberries: CUE criteria. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Schneider, S., T. Trout, G. Browne, and H. Ajwa. 2004. Vineyard replant—performance of methyl bromide alternatives over time In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Schneider, S., T. Trout, J. Gerik, and H. Ajwa. 2004. Perennial crop nurseries—performance of methyl bromide alternatives in the field In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

2003

Ajwa, H. 2003. Optimum parameters for drip fumigation with methyl bromide alternatives. In: Proceedings of the 2003 Pest Science Conference. Davis, CA. (Proceedings 12:49-50).

Ajwa, H.A., S. Fennimore, Z. Kabir, F. Martin, J. Duniway, G. Browne, T. Trout, R. Goodhue, and L. Guerrero. 2003. Strawberry yield under reduced application rates of chloropicrin and Inline in combination with metam sodium and VIF. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Ajwa, H., M. Haar, S. Fennimore, and M. Bolda. 2003. Weed control with methyl bromide alternatives. In: 2003 Proceedings of the California Weed Science Society. 55:141-144.

Ajwa, H.A., S.D. Nelson, and T. Trout. 2003. Water and methyl isothiocyanate distribution in soil after drip fumigation with metam sodium. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Browne, G., H. Becherer, S. McLaughlin, S. Fennimore, J. Duniway, F. Martin, H. Ajwa, C. Winterbottom, and L. Guererro. 2003. Integrated management of Phytophthora on strawberry without methyl bromide. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Duniway, J.M., J.J. Hao, D.M. Dopkins, H. Ajwa, and G.T. Browne. 2003. Soil fumigant, plastic mulch, and variety effects on Verticilium wilt and yield of strawberry. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Elmore, C., J. Roncoroni, K. Robb, C. Wilen, and H. Ajwa. 2003. Preplant pest management in ranunculus production. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Fennimore, S., Z. Kabir, H. Ajwa, O. Daugovish, K. Roth, and J. Valdez. 2003. Chloropicrin and Inline dose-response under VIF and HDPE film: weed control results. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Kabir, Z., S. Fennimore, F. Martin, H. Ajwa, J. Duniway, G. Browne, C. Winterbottom, B. Westerdahl, R. Goodhue, L. Guerrero, and M. Haar. 2003. Alternative fumigants for the control of soil pests: strawberry as a model system. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Schneider, S., T. Trout, G. Browne, H. Ajwa, and J. Sims. 2003. Vineyard replant field trials. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Schneider, S., T. Trout, J. Gerik, D. Ramming, and H. Ajwa. 2003. Methyl bromide alternatives for perennial field nurseries–1st and 2nd year performance. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Trout, T., S. Schneider, H. Ajwa, and J. Gartung. 2003. Fumigation and fallowing effects on replant problems in California peach. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

2002

Ajwa, H.A., T. Trout, S. Fennimore, C. Winterbottom, F. Martin, J. Duniway, G. Browne, B. Westerdahl, R. Goodhue, and L. Guerrero. 2002. Strawberry production with alternative fumigants applied through drip irrigation systems. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Duniway, J.M., J.J. Hao, D.M. Dopkins, H. Ajwa, and G.T. Browne. 2002. Some chemical, biological, and cultural alternatives to methyl bromide for strawberry. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Elmore, C., J. Roncoroni, K. Robb, C. Wilen, and H. Ajwa. 2002. Preplant pest management in ranunculus production. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Fennimore, S.A., M.J. Haar, K. Roth, J.A. Valdez, and H. Ajwa. 2002. Weed control in strawberry with alternative fumigants. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Fennimore, S., F. Martin, H. Ajwa, J. Duniway, G. Browne, C. Winterbottom, B. Westerdahl, R. Goodhue, L. Guerrero, and M. Haar. 2002. Alternative fumigants for control of soil pests: strawberry as a model system. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Schnieder, S., T. Trout, H. Ajwa, and J. Sims. 2002. Methyl bromide alternatives for tree, vine, and rose field nurseries. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Schnieder, S., T. Trout, G. Browne, H. Ajwa, and J. Sims. 2002. Vineyard replant disorder–Results after 1, 2 and 4 growing seasons. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Trout, T., H. Ajwa, S. Schneider, and J. Gartung. 2002. Fumigation and fallowing effects on replant problems in California peach. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

2001

Ajwa, H., M. Schutter, S. Nelson, T. Trout, and C. Winterbottom. 2001. Efficatious application rates of propargyl bromide and iodomethane/chloropicrin for strawberry production. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Ajwa, H., T. Trout, S. Nelson, and M. Schutter. 2001. Drip fumigation: water and fumigant distribution in soil. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Duniway, J.M., J.J. Hao, D.M. Dopkins, H. Ajwa, and G.T. Browne. 2001. Chemical, cultural and biological alternatives to methyl bromide for strawberry. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Fennimore, S., F. Martin, J. Duniway, G. Browne, H. Ajwa, C. Winterbottom, B. Westerdahl, R. Goodhue, M. Haar, and C. Bull. 2001. Alternative fumigants for control of soil pests: strawberry as a model system. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Fennimore, S., M. Haar, and H. Ajwa. 2001. Alternative fumigant efficacy on weeds in strawberry nursery and fruiting fields. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Haar, M., S. Fennimore, and H. Ajwa. 2001. Weed control efficacy of drip irrigation applied chloropicrin, metam sodium and 1,3-D. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Nelson, S. and H. Ajwa. 2001. Physio-chemical properties of chloropicrin with various surfactants. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Orosco, L., H. Ajwa, M. Schutter, and A. Wright. 2001. Microbial community structure and diversity in fumigated soils. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Schneider, S., H. Ajwa, and T. Trout. 2001. Field evaluation of nematode control alternatives for grapevine nurseries. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Schneider, S., H. Ajwa, T. Trout, and J. Sims. 2001. On-going performance of vineyard replant trials initiated in 1998-2000. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions. 

Schutter, M., H. Ajwa, L. Orosco, and A. Wright. 2001. Changes in soil microbial activities under drip fumigation. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Sullivan, D.A. and H. Ajwa. 2001. Field studies in 2001 to enhance efficacy and odor management of metam-sodium. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Trout, T., H. Ajwa, and S. Schneider. 2001. Fumigation and fallowing effects on replant problems in California peach. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

2000

Ajwa, H. and T. Trout. 2000. Strawberry growth and yield with three years of drip fumigation. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Ajwa, H. and T. Trout. 2000. Distribution of drip applied fumigants under various conditions. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Duniway, J.M., J.J. Hao, D.M. Dopkins, H. Ajwa, and G.T. Browne. 2000. Some chemical, cultural, and biological alternatives to methyl bromide fumigation of soil for strawberry. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Fennimore, S.A., M.J. Haar, and H. Ajwa. 2000. Weed control options in California strawberry without methyl bromide. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Martinez, C., S.A. Fennimore, and H. Ajwa. 2000. Strawberry production with methyl bromide alternatives: A farmer’s perspective. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions. 

Schneider, S., H. Ajwa, T. Trout, and J. Sims. 2000. Alternatives for vineyard replant and grapevine nurseries. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Trout, T., and H. Ajwa. 2000. Fumigation and fallowing effects on replant problems in California peach. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

1999

Duniway, J.M., C.L. Xiao, H. Ajwa, and W.D. Gubler. 1999. Chemical and cultural alternatives to methyl bromide fumigation of soil for strawberry. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Schneider, S., H. Ajwa, T. Trout, and J. Sims. 1999. Grape replant disorder-Field tests of some potential alternatives. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Trout, T. and H. Ajwa. 1999. Preplant application of fumigants to orchards by micro-irrigation systems. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Trout, T. and H. Ajwa. 1999. Strawberry response to fumigants applied by drip irrigation systems. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

1998

Ajwa, H.A. and T. Trout. 1998. Soil distribution and efficacy of alternative fumigants to methyl bromide applied by drip irrigation systems. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions. 

Bull, C.T. and H. Ajwa. 1998. Yield of strawberry inoculated with biological control agents and planted in fumigated or non-fumigated soil. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Trout, T. and H. Ajwa. 1998. Strawberry response to 1,3-D, chloropicrin, and metham sodium applied by drip irrigation systems. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

1997

Ajwa, H.A. and T. Trout. 1997. Soil distribution of alternative fumigants to methyl bromide applied to strawberry beds by drip irrigation systems. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

Ajwa, H.A., T. Trout, and R. Hutmacher. 1997. Preplant application of alternative fumigants by irrigation systems. In: Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions.

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