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UC Nursery and Floriculture Alliance

From the UC Blogosphere...

Marek Borowiec Drawn to Ants, Especially Army Ants

This is Lioponera princeps, one of the ants that Marek Borowiec studies. (Image by Marek Borowiec)

Marek Borowiec's world revolves around myrmecology, the scientific study of ants. Borowiec, who received his doctorate in...

Posted on Monday, October 24, 2016 at 12:35 PM

Using Eucalyptus Leaves for Mulch or Compost

Help for the Home Gardener from the Help Desk of the
UC Master Gardener Program of Contra Costa County 

Client Request: I have several eucalyptus trees on my property. They shed a lot of leaves. I'd like to use the leaves for mulch and possibly compost, but when I research these uses, I get confusing and/or contrary guidance. My request: Can I use eucalyptus leaves/cuttings as mulch and/or compost in the home garden?

Help Desk Response:  We understand your frustration with the information you're finding on the use of eucalyptus leaves as mulch. In doing the research on your question, I too, found a lot of conflicting information. The Master Gardener Program is under the umbrella of the University of California so the information that follows is all based upon scientific research.

Eucalyptus Toxicity
While it is true that eucalyptus leaves do have some toxicity, the research shows that well composted eucalyptus leaves pose no problem when used as a mulch or when mixed at appropriate quantities into a growing medium. The research also concluded that fresh eucalyptus leaves were shown to be a good weed suppressant when applied to a depth of 4 inches (10cm).
Following are two articles by James Downer & Ben Faber on the subject of eucalyptus mulch and eucalyptus compost.  

The University of California research concluded that, when handled properly, eucalyptus is safe for use in compost (i.e., incorporated into the growing medium). The toxicity of the eucalyptus are rendered harmless by the composting process, especially if you are working a hot compost pile. (See http://vric.ucdavis.edu/pdf/compost_rapidcompost.pdf)

When composting eucalyptus, the leaves are considered green plant material and will constitute the nitrogen part of the composting process. To effectively use eucalyptus clippings or leaves, you will want to mix them thoroughly with carbon-based materials such as newspaper, cardboard or other dry leaves or plant material. 

The University researchers suggest, if you still have concerns, that you consider composting eucalyptus in a separate hot compost pile, keeping the pile well moistened and turning it often to keep the mix hot over a longer period of time.

Once the eucalyptus is well composted you can do a germination test to test for toxicity by using the compost as a medium to start 10-12 fast growing seeds such as radishes. If a majority of the seeds germinate, the eucalyptus toxicity can be considered neutralized by the composting process.

If you want to use fresh eucalyptus leaves in your landscape, the conclusion suggests to favor using them on the woody landscape plants in the home garden setting.

I hope this gives you the information you were looking for and sets your mind at ease.

Help Desk of the UC Master Gardener Program of Contra Costa County (BHD)

Note: The  UC Master Gardeners Program of Contra Costa's Help Desk is available year-round to answer your gardening questions.  Except for a few holidays, we're open every week, Monday through Thursday for walk-ins from 9:00 am to Noon at 75 Santa Barbara Road, 2d Floor, Pleasant Hill, CA  94523. We can also be reached via telephone:  (925) 646-6586, email: ccmg@ucanr.edu, or on the web at http://ccmg.ucanr.edu/Ask_Us/ MGCC Blogs can be found at http://ccmg.ucanr.edu/HortCoCo/ You can also subscribe to the Blog  (http://ucanr.edu/blogs/CCMGBlog/). 


Posted on Monday, October 24, 2016 at 12:06 AM




By Linda Lewis Griffith   UCCE Master Gardener


Milkweeds are herbaceous plants in the genus Asclepias. There are over 140 species of milkweeds.

In 1753, Carl Linneus named the plant after Asclepius, the Greek god of healing.   Native Americans used a poultice made from milkweed to treat snake bites.

All species contain a milky sap that is made up of 1 to 2 percent latex.  Both the United States and Germany attempted to use milkweed as a source of rubber during World War II.

Asclepias plants can be toxic—even fatal-- to humans and animals.  The sap of some species causes skin irritations.  Sensitivity to the toxin varies with a person's age, weight, health and individual susceptibility. Potency even varies within a single plant depending on the season, which part of the plant is touched or ingested, and its stage of growth.  Indigenous tribes from South America and Africa used arrows poisoned with milkweed for hunting and fighting.  

The milkweed species native to the western United States is Asclepias fascicularis, or Narrowleaf Milkweed or Mexican Whorled Milkweed.  It is a perennial shrub with a three-foot stem and long, narrow leaves.  Several five-inch flower clusters occur from the upper leaf axils.  Individual flowers are greenish-white, and may be tinged with purple. Long, slender pods form in July.

Narrowleaf milkweed is hardy and easy to grow.  It requires full sun and is drought tolerant.  While it is commonly found in parched plains, hills, valleys, roadsides and disturbed soil, it grows well in clay and boggy soils.

Narrowleaf milkweed is well known for its value to wildlife.  Leaves are a primary food source for monarch caterpillars.  The plant's toxins render the caterpillars and adult butterflies noxious to predators.  Narrowleaf milkweed attracts large numbers of native bees.  And, in the spring, the dead stems are used by orioles for building their nests.       



Posted on Saturday, October 22, 2016 at 11:34 AM
  • Author: Linda Lewis Griffith
  • Editor: Noni Todd

Arboretum Plant Sale on Oct. 22: Yes, There's Life After Lawn

Monarch butterfly nectaring on Buddleia 'Purple Haze.' This will be one of the plants offered at the UC Davis Arboretum Plant Sale on Oct. 22. (Photo by Kathy Keatley Garvey)

Is there life after lawn? Yes. If you're looking for plants to attract pollinators, including bees and butterflies, then...

Posted on Friday, October 21, 2016 at 2:52 PM

Zeroing in on the Zika Virus at ICE 2016

Nobel Laureate Peter Agre (center), a keynote speaker at ICE 2016, is flanked by the ICE 2016 co-chairs,  Walter Leal (left) of UC Davis, and Alvin Simmons of the USDA/ARS, based in Charleston, S.C.

The yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti, probably isn't the only mosquito that transmits the Zika virus. That's what UC...

Posted on Thursday, October 20, 2016 at 3:55 PM

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