During the last few years, one of my core research areas has included several projects related to preplant soil fumigation in collaboration with a number of UC, USDA-ARS, and industry researchers. I touched on soil fumigants a bit a few weeks ago shortly after methyl iodide was registered by DPR (link to previos post). Today I thought I’d touch upon research results related to minimizing emissions of two of the most widely used methyl bromide alternatives, 1,3-dichloropropene and chloropicrin.
Soil fumigation is used prior to planting a number of high value crops in California. One of the most widely used soil fumigants, methyl bromide,...
A few months ago I compiled some statistics on the acreage and value of tree and vine crops in California and put together a simple map of where the main production areas are located. One caveat to this map is that I only had access to land use data layers for the Central Valley counties and some Bay area and Central Coast areas. Therefore, this map does not show orchards and vineyards in Southern California or the Desert growing regions which are very important for some crops in the chart below the map.
These crops all fall under the label of "specialty crops" although some of them have fairly substantial acreage. One of the things I found most interesting in looking at these data compared to a few years ago is the...
I've made a couple posts about herbicide resistant weeds but I thought today would be a good time to go back to the basics for a moment. Occasionally, there is some confusion about the definitions of a "resistant" weed versus a "tolerant" weed. Although on one hand a definition seems like a pretty basic starting point, there was considerable debate about how to define herbicide resistance. The Weed Science Society of America (WSSA) [http://www.wssa.net] eventually settled on the following:
"Herbicide resistance is the inherited ability of a plant to survive and reproduce following exposure to a dose of herbicide normally lethal to the wild type. In a plant, resistance may be...
Happy New Year!
Today I thought I'd attach a poster presentation from the recent 38th Annual Almond Industry Conference. The attached poster has some information on an ongoing research project in which we are testing thermal disinfestation as an alternative to soil fumigation for management of almond replant disease.
This is not especially a weed research project but has become an interesting area of research because of the high economic and environmental costs of soil fumigation. In second and later generation, trees can be affected by a variety of soil pests including fungal and bacterial pathogens, parasitic nematodes, and other yet-to-be-identified pests that can reduce orchard establishment and early...
This is one part follow up to my previous post on glyphosate resistance and one part test of a tool to imbed articles in the blog.
The above frame has a 2008 report that Anil Shrestha, Kurt Hembree, and I wrote for California Agriculture on our glyphosate-resistant hairy fleabane work. You can click on it to open it in a full-screen reading pane.
I like this document hosting interface and may use it again. If you have problems viewing it in a particular browser, please let me know.
The article can also be downloaded here