- Author: Lynn M. Sosnoskie
Glyphosate was commercialized in 1974. Since then, it has become one of the most widely used (and studied) herbicides. According to Duke (2018b), almost 20,000 scientific publications and patents have included glyphosate as a focus; only 2,4-D surpasses it with respect to citations. The articles in the 5th issue of the 74th volume of Pest Management Science all focus on glyphosate and arose from a day long symposium (which was also dedicated to the molecule) that was held at the 252nd annual meeting of the American Chemical Society (Duke 2018a).
Figure 1. The...
The evolution of herbicide resistance in weeds is an ongoing problem in California agriculture. Resistance to glyphosate has become particularly widespread across the state. Normally, glyphosate kills weedy plants by inhibiting 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS), an enzyme that is necessary for the production of some important amino acids in plants. However, repeated applications of glyphosate can result in the selection of rare mutant plants that have a unique ability (mechanism) to “resist” death by glyphosate. The mutant plants survive glyphosate application and produce seeds, which give rise to more resistant plants the following year. Over time, repeated glyphosate applications will result in a field,...
- Author: Brad Hanson
Several researchers in the UCD weed science program have been working on various aspects of glyphosate-resistant junglerice (Echinochloa colona) for the past few years. One of our undergraduate student interns, presented a poster at the 2018 Plant and Soil Conference (the California Chapter of the American Society of Agronomy) earlier this month in Fresno.
Drew reported on the (still in process) results of an experiment in which we grew seven populations of junglerice in growth chambers at 20, 30, and 40 C (~68, 86, 104 F) and treated them with a range of glyphosate doses (0, 0.5, and 1 lb ae/A). Drew, Sarah, and other lab members collected data on growth (biomass...
- Posted by: Gale Perez
Seth Watkins shared the following article with me--thanks Seth.
To see the actual article, visit https://agresearchmag.ars.usda.gov/2017/dec/drone/.
Weed Spotting By Drone
- Author: Sarah Morran
- Posted by: Gale Perez
Each of us have the entire blueprint for our bodies contained in every cell, and the same is true of plants. This information is stored in the form of an extremely long molecule known as DNA (in human cells its length is ~6 feet). Studying and understanding DNA in plants has led to many advances in weed science including; the development of herbicide- tolerant crop varieties, understanding the causes of herbicide resistance and understanding the origins and spread of weeds in our environment.
Here in California, the weed science group at UC Davis is utilizing this technology to investigate glyphosate resistance that has been detected in California populations of junglerice. Junglerice is a summer grass weed present in many...