2022 UCR Fumigation School was successfully held on September 14-15, 2022 at Kellogg West Conference Center, Cal Poly Pomona. With >50 participants, the event included talks on termite biology, physical properties of fumigants, and bed bug and fumigation etc. Other regulatory topics were also important part of the Fumigation School. On the second day of the event, the participants went to one of the local structures where the fumigation preparation was ongoing to learn important steps and requirements of the structural fumigation process in California.
For more details on the UCR Fumigation School, visit here.
Here are some photos from the 2022 UCR Fumigation School./span>
The 31st Annual UCR Urban Pest Management Conference was held at UCR HUB (Highlander Union Building) Conference rooms on March 22, 2022. We had over 120 participants from urban pest management industry, state agencies, chemical manufacture, and other educational / research institutes.
For more about UCR Urban Pest Management Conference, visit ---> here
We had a great turn out. It was also great to be able to hold our conference in person again!
Here are some photos from the UCR UPMC 2022.
More photos can be found at the conference Facebook page
- Author: Kathy Keatley Garvey
First, emeritus Cooperative Extension specialist Vernard Lewis of UC Berkeley, highly respected as "The Termite Man," drew widespread attention on Nov. 2 when he delivered the Founders' Memorial Lecture on "The Termite Lady," Margaret James Stickland Collins (1922-1966), at the Entomological Society of America's annual meeting, held in Denver.
Lewis covered the life and legacy of Collins, an African-American entomologist and civil rights advocate whose termite research spanned five decades. Lewis praised her "pioneering studies on the mechanism and evolution of termite desiccation resistance across various habitats provided foundational knowledge for generations of entomologists, field biologists, and ecologists."
Did termites fade into obscurity after Lewis' heralded ESA seminar?
No. Not a chance. "Love" saw to that.
The heavy winter rains in the Bay Area, followed by warm sunny days, resulted in the timely emergence of subterranean termites "looking for love," noted University of California Urban Integrated Pest Management (IPM) advisor and urban entomologist Andrew Sutherland, who serves the San Francisco Bay Area counties of Alameda, Contra Costa, San Francisco, San Mateo, and Santa Clara.
"Interestingly, this year's subterranean termite swarms generated way more pop media interest than usual," said Sutherland who holds a doctorate in entomology (2009) from UC Davis. "Perhaps it's because we had more people at home than in previous years (pre-COVID...also, 2019 and 2020 swarms occurred during Thanksgiving weekend, so folks may have been preoccupied or traveling)."
"Since they live underground, they have to have opportunities to meet and fall in love," Sutherland told journalist Leah Worthington of the Redwood City Pulse. "So it's kind of like a big singles bar in the air...The king and queen form what's called a nuptial pair. And that nuptial pair starts a colony, usually in a piece of wood that is partially buried in the soil."
Sutherland's program contributed to three news media pieces; a UC Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (UC ANR) blog; and a LinkedIn post:
- ABC 7 TV spot
- Redwood City Pulse story (also published in Palo Alto Online)
- San Francisco Gate story
- UC Agriculture and Natural Resources (UC ANR) blog post
- LinkedIn post
"Up here in the San Francisco Bay Area, we're continuing evaluations of bait station systems and investigations into the western subterranean termite species complex," Sutherland said.
In his UC ANR blog, published Oct. 21--in the midst of the fall subterranean termite swarm season--Sutherland explained the situation well:
"It's that time of year again: termite swarm season! Western subterranean termites, Reticulitermes hesperus (species complex), produce reproductive swarms during calm sunny periods immediately following the first autumn rains. This is especially pronounced in the San Francisco Bay Area and parts of the Sacramento Valley, where mature termite colonies across a broad region may swarm simultaneously en masse, filling the air with termites fluttering their gossamer wings and filling social media discussions with wonder, horror, confusion, and dread."
A Solano County homeowner witnessed the phenomenon on Oct. 27. She saw hundreds of them exiting the soil by her ailing black walnut tree on Buck Avenue, Vacaville. The insects literally carpeted the ground and sprawled out on fallen leaves. As the sun warmed their flight muscles, the winged termites took off--right into the beaks of swooping birds.
What should you do if you spot a swarm?
As Sutherland wrote in his blog: "If observing a swarm on your property, especially if near your home or other structures, you can hire a professional termite company for a detailed inspection. Make sure to photograph or otherwise note the swarm location so that the inspector can start there. Even if you don't see swarms on your property, regular (every three to five years) inspections will help detect infestations before they cause significant damage and prevent future infestations. There are several proven management strategies for termites; review UC IPM's Pest Notes: Subterranean Termites."
"For now, perhaps we can all appreciate the wonder of this natural spectacle," Sutherland wrote. "Winged termites are great sources of food for birds, lizards, other insects, and spiders. Termites also provide important ecosystem services, such as decomposition of wood and fallen leaves, contribution to soil structure formation, enhancement of water infiltration in soil, and facilitation of nutrient availability to plants. Furthermore, western subterranean termites are native to California and have been here long before we built wooden structures on top of their colonies. (Termite) love is in the air!
The UC IPM Pest Note relates that "Subterranean termites are common throughout California and can be found infesting fallen trees, stumps, or other dead wood in contact with the soil in the forest, landscape, or structural lumber in our houses...The most common subterranean termites, Reticulitermes, can be encountered in nearly all regions of the state, from the sand dunes of the coast to the upper elevations of the mountain ranges and even in some of the desert areas. The species of Reticulitermes are the most destructive termites found in California. They are small in size compared to dampwood and drywood termites, but mature colonies can contain hundreds of thousands of individuals."
Urban entomologist Thomas Chouvenc of the University of Florida wrote about controlling termites in his article, "Killing It in the Eggs: A Termite Bait Story," published Dec. 7 in ESA's Entomology Today. "Subterranean termites represent a legitimate concern for many homeowners in the United States because of their potential damage to wood structures," he began and went on to discuss chitin synthesis inhibitor (CSI) bait formulations.
CSI is something that termites looking for love want no part of.
30th Annual UCR Urban Pest Management Conference was held online between March 22 - 24, 2021. The event had more than 110 attendees from many different areas of California and other parts of the US. Also, this year we had several participants from oversees!
You can find this year's conference program by following the link: HERE
UCR Urban Pest Management Conference (UPMC) has been UCR urban entomology program's one of the most important outreach events for professionals in the pest control management industry and the public interested in these questions.
Here are some screenshots from the conference this year.
2020 UCR Urban Entomology Fall Workshop Online was held on November 10, 2020. There were >80 participants for this online event.
The event had following five topics discussed.
Updates on Formosan subterranean termite infestations in Southern California
Chow-Yang Lee, Entomology Department, UC Riverside
Red imported fire ants in California
Les Greenberg, Entomology Department, UC Riverside (retired)
Field demonstration of different Argentine ant treatment protocols: spray and bait
Dong-Hwan Choe, Entomology Department, UC Riverside
Baits and sprays to control German cockroaches
Michael Rust, Entomology Department, UC Riverside
Identification of common urban pest insects (insect ID course)
Dong-Hwan Choe and Shao-Hung (Dennis) Lee
Here are some screenshots and photos from the event.