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Title Modeling the effects of local climate change on crop acreage
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The impacts of climate change on agriculture depend on local conditions and crops grown. For instance, warmer winter temperatures in a given area would reduce chill hours, potentially cutting yields for some crops but extending the growing season for others. Using a century of climate data and six decades of acreage data, we established quantitative economic relationships between the evolution of local climate and acreage of 12 important crops in Yolo County. We then used the historical trend in climate change to project future crop acreages in the county. Only marginal changes in acreage in 2050 were projected for tree and vine crops there, in part because chill hours, although lower, remained above critical values. Walnuts were the most vulnerable tree crop, and the projections indicated some cultivars might be marginal in years with particularly warm winters. Processing tomato acreage might increase, due to a longer growing season, and also alfalfa acreage, if water availability and other factors remain constant.

Lee, Hyunok
Academic Researcher
Sumner, Daniel A
Director, UC Agricultural Issues Center and Frank Buck Jr. Chair Professor
National and International Agricultural Policy
Publication Date Jan 1, 2016
Date Added Feb 19, 2016
Copyright © The Regents of the University of California
Copyright Year 2016

A century of climate data and six decades of crop acreage data in Yolo County are used to analyze climate–crop acreage trends and predict future acreages.

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