Undaria pinnatifida - Visit algaeBASE for full scientific classification.
- Found in temperate coastal waters in low intertidal and subtidal areas.
- Grows on a wide range of natural and man-made structures, often forming dense stands.
Invasion Pathways and Distribution
- Grown for human consumption in its native range in Japan, China and Korea.
- Transported accidentally through oyster aquaculture and attached to vessel hulls.
- Now found in Australia, New Zealand, southern Atlantic and Mediterranean Europe, Argentina, Baja California, Mexico and California, where it occurs in ports and harbors from San Diego to San Francisco; one offshore population at Santa Catalina Island.
- First reported in California in 2000.
- Annual, with two independent life stages.
- The sporophyte stage (the large kelp), present in the spring and summer months, releases spores that settle and develop into a microscopic gametophyte stage that produces sperm and eggs.
- Fertilization results in a new sporophyte, with holdfast and blade.
- Grows quickly to a large size, and may compete with native seaweeds.
- May become a pest, fouling harbors and damaging infrastructure.
References and Useful Links
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