- The life-cycle of a butterfly is made up of four parts: egg, larva (caterpillars), pupa (chrysalis) and adult (butterfly).
- Once a caterpillar is fully grown, it will attach itself to a twig or leaf before shedding its outside layer of skin to reveal a hard skin beneath known as a chrysalis.
- The butterfly will eventually emerge from the chrysalis and then waits for a few hours for its wings to fill with blood and dry, before taking its first flight.
- A chrysalis is NOT the same as a cocoon. Butterflies hatch from a chrysalis, a life stage made of a hardened protein. Moths hatch from cocoons, which are spun from silk that surrounds he pupa.
Depending on the species, an adult butterfly can live anywhere between a week and a year.
- Butterflies have four wings, not two.
- Many butterflies can taste with their feet! This is most likely to find the best leaf to lay their eggs on so their caterpillars will have a good source of food upon hatching.
- Every year, Monarch butterflies travel from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico, a distance of about 2,000 miles, and return to the north again in the spring.
- Butterflies come in all sizes and colors, anywhere from an eighth of an inch to 12 inches from wingtip to wingtip!
- Antarctica is the only continent without butterflies.
- The monarch caterpillar feeds on milkweed, which makes the adult butterfly bitter and poisonous to birds.
- Adult butterflies don’t eat! They only drink liquids from flowers, juice from rotten fruit, or even sweat or liquid animal waste