We are San Diego & Riverside County Farm Advisors
Avocado: Food of the Gods
Watch this video (in Spanish here) on Avocado Fruit Production. California is the biggest avocado producer nationwide; this delicious, versatile fruit arrived in the state in the 1890s. The demand for avocados has increased substantially over the last couple of decades. Nevertheless, avocado production faces many challenges.
HLB - Potential Threat Near San Diego County
HLB detected in Riverside County:
The Asian citrus psyllid is a tiny, mottled brown insect about the size of an aphid that poses a serious threat to all of California's varieties of citrus (e.g., oranges, grapefruit, lemons, and mandarins).
“For more information on the Asian Citrus Psyllid, please click on “Exotic Pest” above”
The insect is associated with the fatal citrus disease Huanglongbing (HLB), also called citrus greening disease. The psyllid takes the bacteria into its body when it feeds on bacteria-infected plants and spreads when a bacteria-carrying psyllid flies to a healthy plant and injects bacteria into it as it feeds.
HLB can kill a citrus tree in as little as five years, and there is no known cure. All commonly grown citrus varieties are susceptible to the disease.
The only way to protect trees is to prevent spread of the HLB pathogen in the first place, by controlling psyllid populations and removing and destroying any infected trees.
Topics in Subtropics Blog
UF/IFAS researchers are working on a decision-support app to help policy makers and growers decide the best regional treatment options for laurel wilt disease, which is challenging Florida's $35 million-a-year avocado crop. Laurel wilt disease is...
Eureka lemons A new study on the costs and returns of establishing and producing lemons in Ventura County has been released by UC Cooperative Extension in Southern California and UC Agricultural Issues Center, both part of UC Agriculture and...
In many ways our pest and disease management of fruit tree crops are exacerbated by our cultural practices. Avocado and citrus offer some very clear demonstrations of how we manage our trees can lead to reduced pesticide use. From the beginning, our...
Avocado Production in California Books
Book 1: Background Information
In Book 1, Gary S. Bender, Farm Advisor, takes you through the history of the avocado industry in California and teaches you about grove development.
Book 2: Cultural Care
Book 2 focuses on cultural care and includes articles on irrigation, fertilization, disease and insect control, vertebrate pest management, pruning and frost management. The author for most of the articles is Gary S. Bender, Farm Advisor for Subtropical Horticulture in San Diego County.