Now that everything is dormant, it is time for winter trimming and pruning! Remember winter pruning stimulates spring growth, and now is when you can train your trees.
But it not just your home orchard that needs attention, don't forget your Roses! Here is a helpful excerpt from the article "Roses: Cultural Practice and Weed Control" on the U.C. Davis IPM website:
"Pruning provides an opportunity to direct growth and invigorate rose plants. Pruning requirements vary among types of rose plants. Hybrid teas, grandifloras, and many floribundas benefit from annual pruning in which most top growth is removed leaving three to five canes in a vase-shaped configuration. Landscape varieties may be headed or left unpruned, although rejuvenation pruning or removal of older stems every two to three years will renew vigor in the planting. In most of California, pruning should be done in winter before buds swell, although it may be delayed where late spring frosts are common. A starting point in pruning is to remove diseased and damaged wood. Between one-third and two-thirds of healthy wood may be removed through a combination of heading and thinning cuts, which should be within 1/4 inch above outwardly growing lateral buds or branches. Removal of more wood results in fewer but larger flowers with longer stems; less pruning preserves the size of plants and results in greater number of smaller flowers. Pruning paint or other wound dressings are not necessary."
Get a Jump Start on your Spring/Summer Garden
In the Sacramento Valley Area (yes, this includes us here in Orland, CA) according to U.C. Davis Plant Sciences Gardening Expert, Robert Norris, there are plenty of vegetables you can get started with in January:
DIRECT SEED (Outdoors)
Spinach, Cauliflower, Broccoli, Onions, Cabbage, & Lettuce
Towards the end of January you can start planting: Carrots, Potatoes, Chard, & Beets
PROTECTED AREA SEED (Greenhouse, Cold frame, or Windowsill)