Insect Connect
Insect Connect
Insect Connect
University of California
Insect Connect

Honey bee

Biology and identification

Common name:

Honey bee

Scientific name:

Apis mellifera

Type of insect:


Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Arthropoda, Class Insecta, Order Hymenoptera, Family Apidae 

How to identify it:

This key can help you identify species, but bees in this genus are easy to distinguish. They are large and look fluffy. Their back legs have little bucket structures for carrying pollen. Their antennae are elbowed. They can be many colors, but are most often black and yellow. Bombus vosnesenkii and Bombus californicus are both common in California gardens. 

Gardener friend or foe?


Like other bees, these are helpful pollinators. Honey bees are the many pollinators of commercial crops. They are social and live in hives. These hives are transported all over the country to pollinate crops. 


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