UC ANR academics and the world
|Pete Goodell||UCCE advisor, IPM||European Union||Goodell is a member of the Stakeholders Advisory Committee for the PURE Project (Pesticide Use & Reduction in European Farming Systems with IPM). This is a major European Union effort to provide practical IPM solutions to reduce dependence on pesticides in selected farming systems in Europe.
|David Haviland||UCCE entomology farm advisor, Kern County||Chile, Peru||In 2012, Haviland spent nine months at an agricultural research facility in Chile. He was involved in a national project to reduce pesticide use on table grapes and apples. He also conducted a review of the Chilean avocado extension center, helping them work out ways to improve extension in Chile. In 2014, Haviland hosted a week-long tour in California for Chilean researchers who are trying to develop an extension system like ours for their country. Three times in 2012 and 2013, Haviland gave pest management talks to farmers in Peru.
|Louise Ferguson||UCCE pomology specialist, UC Davis||Pakistan, Afghanistan||Ferguson is working through the Agricultural Innovation in Pakistan Project to improve the extension system there by developing a more informed extension service and, likewise, with the Afghanistan Agriculture Extension Project, in boosting extension skills and technical expertise.
She is launching four major projects on mango with the University of Agriculture Faisalabad aimed at decreasing postharvest losses; diversified cultivation; and to develop value added products including mango leather, and editable mango seed oil. She said that Pakistan is the fourth largest mango producing country in the globe.
She is also interested in helping Afghans reestablish their broken-down pistachio production system. Traditionally, pistachios were gathered from wild trees owned and guarded by villages. Because of ongoing conflicts in the region, many of the trees were cut down for firewood. An Italian NGO is working on reforestation, and Ferguson wants to make sure the pistachios used in the process will produce a substantial crop. (Male trees provide pollen, female trees grow the pistachios. You don't need many male trees, so you can graft in more female trees to boost the harvest.) Ferguson said she always learns from her work in other countries information that helps the California industry. For example, she saw in Iran that farmers were growing pistachios with low-quality water. That observation was the basis of salinity research on pistachios in California.
|Jim Adaskaveg||Plant pathologist, UC Riverside and Kearney Ag REC||South Korea||South Korean officials closed the country to California Valencia and navel oranges because they detected the fungus Septoria on imported fruit. Adaskaveg and his staff developed treatment guidelines to suppress the fungus in the field and established a testing and certification program that farmers can use to ensure the South Korean government the fruit is fungus-free. This work kept the South Korean market open to California citrus.
|Eric Natwick||Entomology advisor, UCCE Imperial County||Saudi Arabia, Japan, Guatamala, Mexico, Venezuela||From 1995 to 2013, Natwick advised farming operations in Saudi Arabia on insect pest problems. Originally, he consulted with a company that had developed a serious worm problem in alfalfa, to a point where even their own dairy wouldn't buy the hay because of its low quality. Natwich found that repeated pesticide applications caused insecticide resistance in the pest and knocked down beneficial insects. He helped the Saudi farmers establish a pest monitoring system to determine whether pesticide treatment was necessary (rather than treating based on the calendar) and using alternative insecticides that would not disrupt beneficial insects.
Over the years, Natwick has continued to work with Saudi farmers in controlling insect pest problems. He is regularly called upon to consult with farmers in other countries as well.
|Lucia Varela||UC IPM advisor, North Coast||Chile||In 2014, Varela was named by the Servicio Agrícola Ganadero (a branch of the Ministry of Agriculture in Chile) to its technical working group for their national program to control of European grapevine moth. European grapevine moth, a native of Southern Italy, was first reported in Chile in 2008. The pest made its first appearance in the U.S. in Napa County vineyards in October 2009.|
|Ben Faber||UCCE advisor, subtropical crops, Ventura County||Chile, Guatemala, Dominican Republic, Columbia||Through the US AID Farmer-to-Farmer Program and at the request of officials in other countries, Faber has traveled to Chile, Guatemala and the Dominican Republic to evaluate citrus and avocado problems and find solutions.
In September 2014 he travels to Colombia to advise farmers on citrus production.
|Lucia Kaiser||UCCE specialist, Department of Nutrition, UC Davis||Mexico, Chile||Kaiser works with Universidad de Guanajuato nutrition researcher Luz Vera Becerra, who Kaiser met in 2005 when the Mexican teacher worked at UC Davis during a sabbatical leave and for six years while Becerra completed a Ph.D at Davis. They received a grant and studied bi-national factors related to childhood obesity in a "sending" community - Guanajuato, Mexico - and a "receiving" community, Ventura, Calif.
In 2011, Kaiser worked for two months in Chile to help nutrition faculty at the Universidad de Valparaíso on their childhood obesity prevention program.
|Gary Bender||UCCE advisor, San Diego County||Peru, United Arab Emirates, Japan||In 2013, Bender gave three presentations at the South American Avocado Growers Association conference in Peru. The topics were avocado diseases, controlling avocado root rot and avocado pruning and canopy management.|
|Khaled Bali||UCCE Irrigation/Water Management Advisor and CD||Mexico, Jordan, Chile, Egypt & Algeria||
May 2014 Bali and Snyder trained visiting scholars from Egypt & Algeria on setting up weather stations to estimate crop water requirements of alfalfa and other field crops.
October 2013 Bali, Snyder, Cayle Little conducted a workshop on irrigation management in Baja California.
July 2013 Jim Hill, Snyder, Steve Grattan and Bali worked on a proposed UC Davis/USDA International water resources project in Jordan to implement Water Certification Program to promote water conservation and improve water use efficiency.
June 2012 UC Davis international water project in Egypt to promote water conservation. Bali conducted training on a) shallow water table contribution to crop ET, b) salinity management and control in semi-arid regions, and c) subsurface drip irrigation of alfalfa.
September 2012 Graham Fogg, Michael Cahn, Bali helped the Universidad de Concepción in Chile improve the University’s research and extension model and develop a water resources center.
UCCE Irrigation and Water Resources Advisor
Brazil, Chile, New Zealand
May 2013 Invited speaker and consulted on drip irrigation of vegetables. LandWise Conference, Napier, New Zealand
Sept 2012 Consulted on developing an extension program for irrigation and water management Centro de Agua para Agricultura, Universidad de Concepción, San Fernando, Chile
March 2012 Consulted on drip irrigation of processing tomatoes, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
|Themis Michailides||Plant pathologist based at the Kearney Ag REC||Australia, Argentina, Spain||The United States has the most advanced pistachio production system in the world, thanks in great part to UC ANR's research and extension program. Officials in many countries seek information from U.S. researchers to improve local productions systems of the nutritious nut.
In 2013, Michailides traveled to Australia to visit farms and consult with pistachio growers about diseases that impact pistachio production. Over a week's time, he presented three research lectures.
In 2012, Argentina was looking into developing a pistachio industry. Michailides presented lectures at a pistachio symposium on two major challenges researched for decades, botryosphaeria (a fungal disease that damages the plant and robs yield) and aflotoxin, a naturally occurring toxin produced by certain species of fungi.
In 2010, Michailides presented research findings on botryosphaeria in Spain, where growers battle the same type of disease.
|Luis Espino||UCCE rice farm advisor, Colusa, Glenn and Yolo counties||Japan, Venezuela||Espino is reaching foreign rice growers without leaving California. Scientific exchanges take place when researchers and growers from other countries visit Northern California. Recently, visitors from Japan and Venezuela have come to tour California rice production systems and learn about UC rice research.|
|Stephen Kaffka||UCCE agronomist, Department of Plant Sciences at UC Davis||UN committee includes representatives from Brazil, The Netherlands, India, England, South Africa, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Mexico and the U.S.||Kaffka is a member the UN-affiliated Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment. His subgroup is working on the issue of global food security and bioenergy, addressing the balance between using ag land and water resources for growing fuel vs. growing food. The group is working together to address when it makes sense to grow crops other than food, such as industrial crops like cotton, oilseed for biofuel, or even hemp. Since the topic is complicated and at the scale of the globe, there is no single correct formula.|
|Rob Atwill||Director of Western Institute for Food Safety and Security||China||Atwill is working with the Heping campus of Jilin University to conduct a pilot research project on microbiological safety of produce from local farms and farmers market. He is also collaborating with the Center for Disease Control and Prevention in Guangzhou to determine the occurrence of protozoal pathogens in municipal pools for children. Both Cryptosporidium and Giardia were identified in these systems. In Zhuhai Atwill is working with the same agency to develop a comprehensive surveillance program for detecting waterborne pathogens in drinking water source supplies and distribution systems.|
|Steve Wright||UCCE advisor in Tulare and Kings counties||Thailand, Myanmar, Uzbekistan, Peru, Congo||From 2003 to 2008, Wright visited Thailand and Myanmar annually to provide pesticide safety training. He conducted soil testing through Myanmar to the Chinese border to dispel the belief that herbicides were poisoning the land. He found that most of the rice fields were low in potassium, causing the crop damage that was blamed on herbicides. Wright demonstrated the value of fertilizer at an orphanage that has 26 acres of rice. He set up a fertilizer loan program so farmers could see the value on their own land. He also taught proper timing and utilization of fertilizer. He will return in 2014 to work with farmers on using herbicides safely and effectively.
In 2010, Wright traveled to Uzbekistan to give presentations at the local Cotton Research Center. The country is adjusting to production changes driven by a reduction in labor and subsequent move to mechanical harvesting. Wright also gave presentations in Peru where agronomists are buying older cotton pickers from the San Joaquin Valley and need information on the proper preparation of the cotton crop for harvest.
In 2012, Wright worked with extension staff in Congo. He observed serious weed problems that mainly women workers were tackling with short-handled hoes. Progressive farmers are interested in using herbicides to take the drudgery out of farming. One woman in particular had acquired safety equipment for herbicide application, including overalls, boots, and a backpack sprayer. Wright continues to be in contact with this Congo farmer.
|UCCE biological control specialist, Department of Entomology, UC Riverside||French Polynesia, Guatemala, Indonesia, Pakistan, Philippines, Punjab, Saudi Arabia||Mark and Christina Hoddle, a husband-wife team, have worked together on a host of invasive pest problems in California and around the world. In recent years the Hoddles focused on Asian citrus psyllid, a pest recently introduced to California that can spread the always fatal huanglongbing disease of citrus.
In Punjab, Pakistan, they identified a natural enemy, Tamarixia radiata, worked to bring it to California, and released it in areas infested with ACP. The beneficial insect is now established in California and providing ACP control, mainly in urban areas.
The Hoddles studied the red palm weevil, a native of Asia that established itself in Laguna Beach. Experts believed the weevils posed a significant threat to California’s date and ornamental palm industries. The Hoddles studied red palm weevil flight dispersal and field ecology in the Philippines, Indonesia and Saudi Arabia. (The weevil population in Laguna Beach has been eradicated.)
When glassy winged sharpshooter was accidentally exported from California to French Polynesia, the Hoddles successfully introduced a natural enemy, Gonatocerus ashmeadi, which resulted in permanent suppression of the highly invasive pest in the island nation within seven months.
In Guatemala the Hoddles were involved in identifying the sex pheromones of an important moth species, Stenoma catenifer. This pheromone is now commercially available and can be used in exotic pest surveillance programs in exporting countries and in California for early detection of S. catenifer incursions.
|Christina Hoddle||Assistant specialist, Department of Entomology, UC Riverside|
|Beth Mitcham||UCCE Specialist, UC Davis||India, Honduras, Guatemala, Thailand, Kenya, Bosnia||Mitcham teaches courses about improving postharvest quality and reducing postharvest losses of horticultural crops. She has also been active in developing regional postharvest training centers to each produce handling techniques to reduce losses and improve produce quality.|
|Diane Barrett||UCCE Specialist, UC Davis||Honduras, Guatemala, Kenya, Thailand||Barrett has worked extensively with solar dehydrating and other low technology preservation techniques for fresh horticultural products.|
|Mary Lu Arpaia||UCCE Specialist, UC Riverside||Australia, New Zealand, Chile, Bosnia||Arpaia works with citrus and avocado industries to improve postharvest quality, reduce losses, and improve handling of crop pests.|
|Marita Cantwell||UCCE Specialist, UC Davis||Honduras, Guatemala, Mexico, The Netherlands||Cantwell teaches courses about improving the quality and reducing the postharvest losses of fresh horticultural products.|
|Carlos Crisosto||UCCE Specialist, UC Davis||Spain, Portugal, Chile||Crisosto works with industry and professional associations to improve cultivation and postharvest handling practices of stone fruit, grapes, kiwifruit.|
Running list of countries:
- Dominican Republic
- European Union
- French Polynesia
- The Netherlands
- New Zealand
- Saudi Arabia
- South Africa
- South Korea
- United Arab Emirates