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Abstract - Semu Moges

The GERD Negotiation is beyond GERD - Facing the Facts together now than facing the consequences later: Integrating Hydrosolidarity, Hydrology, Technology, and Economic Cooperation

Nile is the most contested shared resources in Africa without a comprehensive legal and institutional mechanisms. Nile development and utilization has been mostly unilateral. The Ethiopian GERD became a recipe to initiate a stalled cooperative effort. The GERD negotiation was initially a technically driven process. The process was culminated to a scientific consensus in September 2018. The new round of negotiation started in DC in November 2019 shifted gear  from scientific to politically driven process, an indication of the negotiation is beyond GERD and complicated.  The population of the Eastern Nile grew from  about 56 million in 1960  to about current 265 million without a comprehensive Nile, Eastern Nile or GERD agreement. Countries position not to agree based on their terms is inherently emanates from the perception of the future water challenge of the eastern Nile that it is beyond GERD. The three countries must confront the real challenge and step into a progressive negotiation process for a comprehensive agreement. The process should  integrate the concepts of hydrosolidarity, review the hydrology, adapt technology and economic cooperation for a better outcome.