What are the Polyphagous and Kuroshio Shot Hole Borers?
The Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer (PSHB) is an invasive wood-boring beetle that attacks dozens of tree species in Southern California, including commercial avocado groves, common landscape trees, and native species in urban and wildland environments.
PSHB spreads a disease called Fusarium Dieback (FD), which is caused by pathogenic fungi. Trees that are FD-susceptible may experience branch dieback, canopy loss, and, in some cases, tree mortality.
Like PSHB, Kuroshio Shot Hole Borer (KSHB) is an exotic Euwallacea species that also vectors Fusarium Dieback. Both beetles are present in Southern California but are concentrated in different regions. See their known distribution here.