Area-wide Treatment Programs
Once the psyllid is found in multiple sites, in multiple stages and it is clear that it is established in a region, the strategy becomes one of keeping ACP populations as low as possible (<0.5 nymphs/flush). ACP treatment efforts should focus on treating 1) in the fall to protect the new flush and to kill adult psyllids as they begin overwintering, 2) and then again in early spring as the new flushes are forming, 3) during the spring and summer as other flushes appear and as other pests require control. Research is showing that the fall is the most difficult time to control the psyllids and two treatments are recommended in the fall in areas where psyllid pressure is high (coastal and inland southern California). See the tabs on the left for specific treatments strategies for the various growing regions: Ventura, Riverside/San Bernardino, Coachella/Imperial Valleys, and San Diego.
Conventional Insecticide Strategy
There are many ACP-effective conventional insecticides (see tab at left). The pyrethroids and neonicotinoids are the most effective and long lasting. In addition, they can act as an anti-feedant and if psyllid feeding is reduced that helps to reduce disease spread.
Organic Insecticide Strategy
The efficacy of organic insecticides, both in terms of the number of insects killed and the persistence of the insecticides is much lower than synthetic insecticides. Organic insecticides require contact with the insect body and the persistence of organic products is only hours-days (not weeks like the synthetics) and so they need to be applied frequently.
It is recommended that 10 flushes per border be sampled at 2 week intervals throughout the year and treatments applied when psyllids exceed 0.5 nymphs/flush.