Jan 1, 1900 | View All IssuesThis issue of Keeping Landscapes Working considers three different aspects of vegetation on livestock health and well-being. The first article summarizes the occurrences of livestock poisoning in California. Although livestock poisoning is not typical when an adequate selection of forage is available, livestock poisonings are reported. It is interesting to note that in California, oleander is by far the most commonly diagnosed cause of livestock poisoning. The second article includes strategies to control the Tree-of-Heaven. This tree can impact forage quality for both livestock and wildlife. The third article considers the impact of fire on livestock. With fire season still upon us, understanding how smoke and fire may impact livestock as well as how to care for injured livestock is worth considering.