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Green news from the UC Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources
by Rae
on March 26, 2012 at 6:59 AM
Could you possibly add me to your mail list for information on beekeeping  
Many thanks  
Rae Crowley
by Kathy Keatley Garvey
on March 26, 2012 at 12:37 PM
Hi, Rae,  
Thanks for your comment. You can self-subscribe to Eric Mussen's newsletters at Or, read them on the web. (I emailed you more information)  
by peter lisonbee
on June 17, 2012 at 8:45 PM
could you also add me to your mail list for information on commercial beekeeping . THanks tons Peter
by scott
on August 19, 2012 at 5:26 PM
Where can I get more STATE and COUNTY information about hobby beekeeping in Riverside county?  
Do I need to register my (proposed) top bar hive? Where or with whom? Do I need to have it inspected by the state/county? Do I need to be a member of a beekeeping 'society'?
by Kathy Keatley Garvey
on August 22, 2012 at 5:04 PM
Hi, Scott. In answer to your questions, Extension apiculturist Eric Mussen, UC Davis Department of Entomology, says:  
This information is appropriate for all counties in California. California state regulations require each beekeeper to register his or her apiary locations and colony numbers with the agricultural commissioner in the county(s) housing the colonies in January or whenever the beekeeper  
acquires the bees during the year. While there is a registration fee charged to beekeepers who are operating commercial-sized operations, the small scale beekeepers do not need to pay a fee.  
The bees must be housed in a hive with movable frames, so that the combs can be examined when necessary. It is not likely that an inspector would visit an apiary, unless he or she is told that many beekeepers in the area are seeing a peculiarly high rate of brood diseases. Otherwise,  
non-commercial beekeepers probably would never see a bee inspector unless he or she complained of a pesticide kill. Even then, if the beekeeper cannot convince the commissioner's office that an illegal application was  
very likely to have been made, there likely will be no investigation.  
Once state regulations have been followed, then the beekeeper must comply with county regulations. Those regulations vary between counties. Agricultural counties often differ from high density, urban counties. One  
step beyond that, municipalities can develop ordinances dealing with criteria for keeping bees, or for prohibiting the practice. Check first, before running into problems (usually complaints from neighbors). Most municipalities use a nuisance ordinance to have bees removed from the district.  
There are no special, personal obligations for a new beekeeper, other than those previously listed. However, to make things a lot easier, it would be a great idea to read some books on honey bees and beekeeping. Attend a beginning beekeeping class before starting. And, somewhere along  
the line, find the nearest beekeepers' organization (frequently a county-based club in California). The local beekeepers can explain when to expect the flowers (food) to be available to the bees, how to provide water to keep the bees from bothering the neighbors, etc., and what to do during the season to keep the bees in their best shape possible. Most beekeepers are very gregarious and would be more than willing to help.--Eric Mussen, Extension Apiculturist, UC Davis Department of Entomology.
by Mike Lever
on October 25, 2012 at 3:59 PM
Started beekeeping with three hives this year, seemed thy were doing well for a while, then the hives were overcome with tiny ants.I used cinnamon which worked for a while. I had to re-queen two hives. Are there any registered beekeepers in or close to Apple Valley I can connect with? Thanks.
by Kathy Keatley Garvey
on October 26, 2012 at 3:35 PM
Mike, Extension apiculturist Eric Mussen of the UC Davis Department of Entomology offers this information: "Try contacting either the Los Angeles County Beekeepers and/or Orange County Beekeepers Associations. Both have web sites and both are a mix of commercial and non-commercial beekeepers."
by jaloka donald
on January 8, 2013 at 2:14 AM
i have seven bee hives colonised and made my first harvest after six months on two hives and got ten liters of honey yet given the size of the hive i expected 20 liters per hive, did i harvest too early or some must have happened. i need advice on when to harvest. please advice. thanks
by Deanna
on January 22, 2013 at 9:13 AM
Where does one find micro loans or grants to expand  
A hobbyist in beekeeping.. The star if virginia has  
Grants available for virginia beekeepers. We have suddenly expanded unknowingly by obtaining a wonderful opportunity and need financial help.  
The USDA / ca cannot help nor microloans from  
Banks.. Any ideas ? Need to expand to a hundred hives to help pollinate a ranch .. We are not commercial . We manage our bees well but new to our hobby. Two years now and our bees 12 hives survived two winters now.. One hive has two queens  
Harvested 200 lbs this summer and still have over 100 lbs for the bees.. Can anyone help get us some info? Much appreciated  
by John Reynolds Jr.
on February 17, 2013 at 5:28 PM
I have a special opportunity coming out of southern Saskatchewan Canada; A Full BeeKeeping Operation, turn-key operation. Triple "R" Honey Ranch has been my Grandfathers passion for over 20 years and he is now due to retire.
by Francisco Maciel
on May 17, 2013 at 5:00 PM
I would like to start in the bee business, need to learn about bees and bee keeping.
by ionut
on July 21, 2013 at 12:27 PM
I am the beekeeper. I want to sell 5 tons of honey and polyfloral, 100% pure. How can I buy this quantity.
by aqil qazi
on August 20, 2013 at 5:28 AM
I would like to start (small) bee business,tell me about bee business.600$ per month income.  
Aqil Qazi
by Nebyou
on September 26, 2013 at 9:39 PM
I want start commercial bee keeping in Africa , so I wanna know about this  
1 in the same place how many hive to  
2 how much kg of honey I get by one hive
by tuesday
on October 15, 2013 at 6:36 PM
interested in having bees on my property. I love in Northern Arizona (ash fork). I understand you can get paid to have hives on your land??  
thank you
by susan
on July 7, 2014 at 4:33 AM
I want to start beekeeping. What do I need to begin with and how much money do I need?
by David
on July 14, 2014 at 2:25 PM
by Anne Mbatia
on August 17, 2014 at 9:04 AM
I am from Kenya. I want to keep pollinator bees for export. Are the African bees Marketable or should I try exotic breeds?
by Kathy Keatley Garvey
on August 19, 2014 at 2:20 PM
Anne, thank you for your email. Here's the answer from (now retired Extension apiculturist Eric Mussen of the UC Davis Department of Entomology and Nematology:  
“Only certain species and races of honey bees are appropriate for beekeeping purposes. The bees have to be willing to remain in a hive once they are placed there. Many will not. Also, a number of species will abscond (move out) from a hive that is disturbed or moved. Even if they do stay home and pollinate crops and produce honey, there is more to consider. Honey bees usually perform best in their native habitats, so breeding within local populations should provide the best bees for that area. However, there is always someone who thinks bees from elsewhere are better. That is how we introduced the European honey bees into the U.S. between 1622 and the early 1920s. Fearing importation of exotic parasitic mites, the U.S. closed its doors to foreign bee imports in 1922.  
“Anyone interested in importing or exporting honey bees, or any other insect, should be aware that moving bees between countries is an activity that involves federal regulations, and often “health certificates.” The country of destination has the rules which must be followed to bring the foreign bees into the country. The country doing the exporting has to guarantee their freedom from disease and parasites. In the case of bees from Africa, there was some verbiage about freedom from unacceptable genes – meaning bees that are overly defensive and that are a danger to humans and other animals.  
“ Before attempting to move insects, including bees, around the world, be sure to become familiar with all the federal and state (bumble bees in California) regulations.”
by Kathy Keatley Garvey
on August 19, 2014 at 2:22 PM
Eric Mussen (now retired as an Extension apiculturist) has a wealth of information in his apiary newsletters on the UC Davis Department of Entomology and Nematology website. See
by Jeffrey Coleman
on October 8, 2014 at 6:18 PM
I was wondering if U.C. Davis has someone who could test some honey for me. I'm wondering what nectar the bees used to create it because I've never seen anything like it before. Thank-You, Jeffrey Coleman
by benjamin olariu
on March 9, 2015 at 7:42 AM
me and my grandpa woyld like to start a small bee keeping business , however finding a site for the bees in orange county proves to be harder than it sounds... any suggestions?
by robert walleck
on April 6, 2015 at 12:59 PM
My self and fruend are vets and would like to start up a bee keeping farm we have 36.26 acres between both of us and half of it is wild flower prairie The rest forest agenst preserve land. Im a farm boy but  
No bee keeping exp any advice
by Adi Letila Kilawalu
on April 13, 2015 at 8:32 PM
Im doing a project on bee farming and i would kindly like to know some requirements on bee farming like onthe rite site ,the criteria needed and some other important information on bee farming....PLIZ
on May 17, 2015 at 12:16 PM
Sir, I want to start business in this field and I want to be a commercial bee keeper, I want information, as I am deciding my goal, please guide me for further set up or start up please.
by JAL
on August 19, 2015 at 7:55 PM
I am interested to be a commercial beekeepers 1000 or more colonies. My question is hoe much it costs and where is the best place to do the bee farming? I heard Florida is the best place for bee farming, how about Texas?
by waleed
on August 24, 2015 at 7:10 PM
i wish to do internship on bee keeping at international level.But didnot get a chance to do my internship at international level.If u know any mentor who is currently going to offer internship .kindly let me know i would be thankful to u.
by saan
on August 25, 2015 at 1:48 PM
I am interesting to be commercial beekeepers. I have 40 ace vacant land in Riverside Washington. How much costs me to be beekeeper?
by Jerry
on October 8, 2015 at 6:13 PM
Sirs, I am presently a bee keeper and I want to expand my operation to at least 100 hives, I have a way to go but I need guidance on how to organize and expand, I have access to plenty of land and orchards here in central Maryland USA. I really want to start a honey bee suppy store also. Please help with any info at all Thanks, Jerry
by Michael
on October 12, 2015 at 12:14 PM
My name is Michael. I'm interested to be small commercial beekeeper, about 1000+ colonies. I'm living in Houston, TX. How much does it cost? How to begin? Thanks, waiting for your reply
by Emmanuel
on November 2, 2015 at 3:48 AM
I came across this website It got me interested in commercial beekeeping. I am from Nigeria and would love to get some advice on how to start up as a commercial beekeeper. Thanks
by Arya
on November 9, 2015 at 9:10 AM
Dear sir,  
How can I find bees rental for our almond ranch?  
Could you help me?  
by Leonard Mwachibua
on November 15, 2015 at 10:41 PM
Am from Kenya, I have ten hives, I would wish to be furnished with all necessary information pertaining bee keeping
by Linda
on November 18, 2015 at 7:41 PM
I have a huge honey bee hive in a the wall of a building that has been there longer than 60 years it is healthy and thriving. The bees don't seem to be affected by orchards right next to them that are heavily sprayed with pesticides. The honey bees are black and look a lot like the black British honey bee. I have been around honey bees all of my life and these are very different and super gentle. I have a commercial beekeeper helping me to extract them this fall. They are all natural and never been treated for varroa mite or anything. I want to start a beekeeping business with them.
by Nicola Harrison
on November 19, 2015 at 10:37 PM
Nice Post! This is a great post. I like this topic.This site has lots of advantage.I found many interesting things from this site. It helps me in many ways.Thanks for posting this again. Thanks a million and please keep up the effective work Thank yo so much for sharing this kind of info.
by misery teddy
on December 4, 2015 at 4:00 AM
I would like to startup a bee keeping enterprise so advise me on the proposal writing that i can draft for funding.
on December 21, 2015 at 6:35 AM
I really like bees, that why I choose to become a beekeeper, because they help big to our environment, without bee and other insect that pollenate our plant, trees, and all the flowers we cannot survive in this world.
by Mohan
on December 22, 2015 at 4:18 AM
I would like to export honey from India.  
Please suggest right procedure of the same.
by ronald makunere
on February 12, 2016 at 12:22 AM
i wanna join your team i am here in africa Zimbabwe
by Strughan Mishra
on February 12, 2016 at 3:20 PM
I am a beekeeper with apis cerena indica.I am intrested in apis cerena cerena .May I be suggested what to do to get atleast two groups of it?
by Eugene Steele
on May 8, 2016 at 6:14 AM
There are several titles Small Farm Handbook who is the named author
by Dr. Nsubuga-Mutaka Robert
on May 9, 2016 at 8:52 AM
I have been fascinated by your information on bee-keeping and its values to a farmer.  
I would like more information on how bees can be hired out for pollination and again recovered back  
Kind regard  
Robert Kampala Uganda
by jocelyn eloba
on July 2, 2016 at 10:03 PM
anybody who offer internshipborbon the job training for beekkeeping? i am very much willing to go for a training. presently i have 50 stingless bees and wishing to have more but wanted to apply right and correct practice for my beefarming  
thank you
by Ryan tatham
on July 7, 2016 at 10:35 AM
I'm interested in starting a beekeeping business please share your info with me
by Bearbearness
on July 18, 2016 at 11:48 AM
Hello, can someone please provide direction on laws of having bee farms in residential areas? I think bee farms they are wonderful ideas and greatly needed in our lives but NOT directly next door to neighbors (10 feet away) and across street from a school. Just want to make sure I am taking proper steps before getting upset with neighbors. Thank You.
by Bahaa
on August 28, 2016 at 8:42 AM
I really interested in being a beekeeping. I would like to startup a bee keeping enterprise so advise me on the proposal writing that i can draft for funding.if anybody live in Houston Texas agree & allow me to work with him as a volunteer as well get practicing .thx I look forward to hearing from you all.
by Bahaa
on August 31, 2016 at 5:37 PM
I really interested in being a beekeeping. I would like to startup a bee keeping enterprise so advise me on the proposal writing that i can draft for funding.if anybody live in Houston Texas agree & allow me to work with him as a volunteer as well get practicing .thx I look forward to hearing from you all.
by Gbenga Owolabi Ogunsanwo
on October 10, 2016 at 12:52 PM
I have a 50 hectare virgin land at Epe in Lagos State in Nigeria with 1750 sq, m of swap. it is planed for an Integrated Organic Agriculture.  
On this particular day I was with the palm wine tapper coming in from the farm with palm wine on his head. He suddingly shouted it was bees bite. The area is about an hectare he showed me a palm tree full of bees I then decided to grow commercial bee there. The palm wine has to be sift of bees both dead and alive to drink or sell in that area Epe town.  
Please guide me through.  
by Juan Vasquez
on October 24, 2016 at 8:40 AM
I would like to start working for a bee keepers business as a helper to learn about bee keeping so i can start my own business in the future hopefully
by Abushiri Mbwana
on November 8, 2016 at 5:15 AM
Iam interested to find some one who is interested to invest in Beekeeping here in Tanzania. For those interested lets keep in touch.
by Christian
on February 10, 2017 at 12:19 PM
Hello, I am a highschool sophomore who is extremely interested in this career path. I was mainly wondering about what classes are reccomended to have in order to start a bee farm. Should I get an agricultural and/or business degree? Last question is are there any job oppurtunities in this field located in Georgia? Please respond to my email, Thank you.
by Luis
on February 26, 2017 at 6:33 PM
Hi! this was a really nice reading, I can't find the Small Farm Handbook since the link is broken, would you please help me out finding this document. Thanks
Reply by Pamela Kan-Rice
on February 26, 2017 at 8:48 PM
Here's a link to the Small Farm Handbook Thanks for letting us know it's broken.
by Thomas Tucker
on April 4, 2017 at 9:08 AM
awesome just getting started on a grant am meeting with farmers in so central florida
by Amanda Ball
on April 17, 2017 at 8:08 AM
I'm very interested in starting my own bee farm, I live in WV and have 25 acres can you please give me advice on starting my business. Thank you for your time.
by Kaone Ndobane
on May 19, 2017 at 4:13 PM
I want to start bee keeping, i need guidance on how much money to start with,advantages of bee keeping over other agricultural projects such as rabbit production and horticulture.....i will be glad for your help guys
by beni
on May 24, 2017 at 6:44 PM
After I read this article, I got to have knowledge and add my insight, I happened to look for an article like this, it is very helpful for me and the crowd, the writing is good to read and easy to understand.
by Kendrick Shuler
on July 31, 2017 at 5:27 PM
Hi everyone!  
My name is Kendrick Shuler. I am a student at UC Berkeley and am currently working on an “Airbnb” like marketplace for local farmers and beekeepers to conduct bee rentals. This platform is called “bHive” – we are currently in beta testing and would love for any of you interested to make an account and give us feedback. Please follow the link here to check out our site:  
As it stands, bHive will allow beekeepers to list their bees for rent, with a specific price per day, week, or month. Farmers can also request bees at a specific price point that suits their needs. In order for bHive to operate, we are currently charging a subscription fee of $1 per month if you are interesting in renting bees or posting a listing. This just covers the cost of hosting the website and keeping it operational. Since we are still in beta, we are offering anyone who wants to sign up and test the website a month free by using the promo cod “bhive1” at checkout.  
Again, the thing that we value most is your input at this stage in our development. Please check out our site and play around with its features – let us know what you would like to see, what should go, or what we need to improve upon. If you have any questions at all, please e-mail me at  
Thank You,  
bHive Team
by Stephanie Ashmore
on August 30, 2017 at 11:24 AM
Honeybees have taken over in the siding of my house. They have been there for about 3months now. I thought of trying out being a beekeeper but everything I've read on bee shortages makes me think otherwise. I would love to try it cause I really need extra income and I can't afford to pay someone to come get them. Would be really nice if there was someone willing to pay me to take them! What are my best options?  
by Mohammad Adamu Enagi
on October 16, 2017 at 4:26 AM
This is great.How do I download this great textbooks and also receive your magazines or beekeeping journals.Am a student of Agricultural Extension at Bayero University Kano.  
I work directly with the peasant farmers to increase their farm income through modern Agricultural technology.Beekeeping is one of my priority as alternative sources of income and other Agricultural activities allowed.
by Musa
on May 7, 2019 at 6:35 AM
This is an excellent article
by Sheila
on May 15, 2019 at 2:18 AM
I am interested in learning how to value a bee business and what is a fair charge for storing bees on others property. We are dealing with 250-300 hives and a queen building operation of 200+ queens. Looking for projected annual income and what would be fair and reasonable rent. Our ground is an organic orchard utilizing micro sprinklers. We would like to get income to help off set costs.  
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