Subtropical Fruit Crops Research & Education
University of California
Subtropical Fruit Crops Research & Education

An Organic Herbicide that Seems to Work

When Richard Smith tells you that he is impressed with efficacy of an organic herbicide you better take notice. Richard shared his results on this blog site last year and showed good weed control with 'Suppress' from Westbridge. This OMRI approved herbicide is a mix of caprylic and capric acids and is a contact material that interferes with plant cells membranes causing leakage and desiccation.

It looked like a good fit for organic plasticulture systems such as strawberry that have wet weedy furrows which are difficult to access with mechanical tools because of proximity to plastic. We placed a trial in a very weedy field that also had one of the SoCal classics–yellow nutsedge. 'Suppress' at 6 and 9% by volume was applied to well-established weeds just before strawberry planting.

The effects of application were noticeable in minutes. We learned that:

  • Both 6 and 9% rates provided nearly 100% control of common lambsquarter (predominant species) and other occasional broadleaved weeds.

  • About 10-15% of common purslane plants survived and yellow nutsedge seemed unaffected by application. However, biomass of both purslane and nutsedge were significantly reduced, suggesting that production of seed and tubers for the two weed species, respectively, may be delayed.

  • Good coverage was important and some of the horizontally–inclined leaves of broadleaf weeds likely intercepted the herbicide deposition to vertically inclined nutsedge shoots.

  • When we simulated drift by over-spraying strawberry, it responded just like any broadleaf perennial plant—the canopy wilted and dried but in 3 weeks the new leaves developed from the crown. This was also true for the neighboring bindweed that lost above ground canopy but had new growth within a month after 'Suppress' application.

  • Since perennial weeds or those in soil seedbank are not controlled, repeated applications are needed with obvious caution of avoiding the spray drift to the crop.

herbicides
herbicides

Posted on Monday, February 22, 2016 at 8:23 AM
Tags: avocado (289), citrus (338), herbicide (11), organic (12), weeds (32)

Comments:

1.
Is it available for home garden use... and does UCCE aka UC IPM approve of it for recommended use?... and if so when and where?

Posted by Stephen I Morse on February 23, 2016 at 8:22 AM

2.
Can this insecticide be used in the organic treatment protocol for ACP?

Posted by Linda G Haque on February 23, 2016 at 9:17 AM

3.
Suppress is registered for use in California, so it's up to the maker, Westbridge, to decide how to market it. If you ask your local nursery, they may be able to order it for you. If the material is EPA approved and registered in California and the directions are followed on the label, it is approved by UC.

Posted by Ben Faber on February 23, 2016 at 9:26 AM

4.
Suppress is an herbicide and can be used in citrus orchards. It is not an insecticide and is not registered for use on ACP.

Posted by Ben Faber on February 23, 2016 at 9:27 AM

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