Threat of the bacterial disease huanglongbing for citrus
The Asian citrus psyllid (ACP), Diaphorina citri, and the devastating bacterium Candidatus liberibacter asiaticus (Clas) that it vectors that causes huanglongbing (HLB) disease, have become established in most of the citrus producing regions of the United States. Currently there is no cure for the disease and growers are treating repeatedly with insecticides to reduce ACP populations in the hopes of slowing the spread of the disease. A wide range of regionally funded and federally funded (NIFA) research programs are underway to provide both mid-term and long-term solutions to the HLB problem. These include both genetically engineered as well as non-genetically engineered tactics. The non-genetically engineered tactics include a wide range of activities to detect HLB early in the infection cycle so that infected trees can be rogued out of the orchard, traditional breeding for rootstock or scion resistance, tactics to reduce psyllid populations (attract and kill trapping, biological control, and rNA interference to prevent transmission to name a few). Genetically engineered projects may focus on altering the plant inserting an HLB resistant spinach gene into citrus. Or GE projects may focus on the psyllid. The ‘Nupsyllid’ program is looking at 3 approaches to creating a psyllid that can not effectively transmit the disease and this nupsyllid would be released, interbreed with wild psyllids and reduce HLB spread. The hope is that one or a combination of these tactics will control the disease and protect the citrus industries.
Other pests and diseases have the potential to affect citrus and this web site will highlight these as they become significant issues.