California Aquatic Invasive Species (AIS)
University of California
California Aquatic Invasive Species (AIS)

Scientific References

Clams, Mussels, Snails, etc.

 

Apple Snail (Pomacea canaliculata):

Arizona Game and Fish Department

California Department Fish and Wildlife (CDFW)

Global Invasive Species Database

United States Geological Survey (USGS) Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) database

 

Asian Clam (Corbicula fluminea):

Sousa, R., Antunes, C., Guilhermino, L. 2008. Ecology of the invasive Asian clam Corbicula fluminea (Müller, 1774) in aquatic ecosystems: an overview. Ann. Limnol. – Int. J. Lim. 44: 85-94.

United States Fish & Wildlife Service

United States Geological Survey (USGS) Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) database

 

False Dark Mussel (Mytilopsis leucophaeata):

Global Invasive Species Database

Mackie, G.L., and D.W. Schloesser. 1996. Comparative Biology of Zebra Mussels in Europe and North America: An Overview. Amer. Zool., 36: 244-258

Maryland Department of Natural Resources

United States Army Corps of Engineers

 

Golden Mussel (Limnoperna fortunei):

Global Invasive Species Database

Mackie, G.L., and D.W. Schloesser. 1996. Comparative Biology of Zebra Mussels in Europe and North America: An Overview. Amer. Zool., 36: 244-258

United States Army Corps of Engineers

University of Wisconsin Sea Grant Institute

 

New Zealand Mudsnail (Potamopyrgus antipodarum):

Global Invasive Species Database

Oregon Sea Grant

United States Geological Survey (USGS) Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) database

 

Quagga Mussel (Dreissena bugensis):

California Department Fish and Wildlife (CDFW)

Mackie, G.L., and D.W. Schloesser. 1996. Comparative Biology of Zebra Mussels in Europe and North America: An Overview. Amer. Zool., 36: 244-258

United States Geological Survey (USGS) Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) database

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)

 

Zebra Mussel (Dreissena polymorpha):

California Department Fish and Wildlife (CDFW)

Mackie, G.L., and D.W. Schloesser. 1996. Comparative Biology of Zebra Mussels in Europe and North America: An Overview. Amer. Zool., 36: 244-258

United States Geological Survey (USGS) Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) database

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)

Fishes

Bighead Carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis):

Aitkin, K. J., S. Lohr, P. Heimowitz, and M. Hill. 2008. “Columbia River Asian Carp Risk Evaluation.” Report. US Fish and Wildlife Service. 

California Department Fish and Wildlife (CDFW)  

Global Invasive Species Database

Laird, C. A., and L. M. Page. 1996. Non-native fishes inhabiting the streams and lakes of Illinois. Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin 35(1):1-51.

Oregon Sea Grant

United States Geological Survey (USGS) Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) database

 

Black Carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus):

Aitkin, K. J., S. Lohr, P. Heimowitz, and M. Hill. 2008. “Columbia River Asian Carp Risk Evaluation.” Report. US Fish and Wildlife Service.

California Department Fish and Wildlife (CDFW)

Laird, C. A., and L. M. Page. 1996. Non-native fishes inhabiting the streams and lakes of Illinois. Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin 35(1):1-51.

Oregon Sea Grant

United States Geological Survey (USGS) Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) database

 

Gars (Lepisosteidae family):

California Department Fish and Wildlife (CDFW)

Indiana Division of Fish and Wildlife

United States Fish & Wildlife Service

United States Geological Survey (USGS) Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) database:

Alligator Gar

Spotted Gar

Shortnose Gar

 

Grass Carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella):

Aitkin, K. J., S. Lohr, P. Heimowitz, and M. Hill. 2008. “Columbia River Asian Carp Risk Evaluation.” Report. US Fish and Wildlife Service.

California Department Fish and Wildlife (CDFW)

Global Invasive Species Database

Laird, C. A., and L. M. Page. 1996. Non-native fishes inhabiting the streams and lakes of Illinois. Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin 35(1):1-51.

Oregon Sea Grant

University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources - California Fish Website

United States Geological Survey (USGS) Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) database

 

Mississippi Silverside (Menidia beryllina (M. audens)):

Swift, Camm C.; Howard, Steve; Mulder, Joel; Pondella, Daniel II; and Keegan, Thomas P. (2014) "Expansion of the non-native Mississippi Silverside, Menidia audens (Pisces, Atherinopsidae), into fresh and marine waters of coastal southern California," Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences: Vol. 113: Iss. 3.

University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources - California Fish Website

United States Geological Survey (USGS) Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) database

 

Northern Pike (Esox lucius):

California Department Fish and Wildlife (CDFW)

Global Invasive Species Database

University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources - California Fish Website

United States Geological Survey (USGS) Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) database

 

Piranhas (Characidae family):

California Department Fish and Wildlife (CDFW)

Denver Zoo

United States Geological Survey (USGS) Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) database:

Red Piranha

White Piranha

 

Silver Carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix):

Aitkin, K. J., S. Lohr, P. Heimowitz, and M. Hill. 2008. “Columbia River Asian Carp Risk Evaluation.” Report. US Fish and Wildlife Service.

Laird, C. A., and L. M. Page. 1996. Non-native fishes inhabiting the streams and lakes of Illinois. Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin 35(1):1-51.

 

Snakehead fishes (Channidae family):

California Department of Fish & Wildlife (CDFW)

United States Geological Survey (USGS) Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) database 

 

Freshwater Plants and Rock Snot

Aquarium and Pond Plants of the World - USDA online guide

 

Alligator Weed (Alternanthera philoxeroides):

California Invasive Plants Council

DiTomaso, Joseph M. and Healy Evellyn A. 2003. Aquatic and Riparian Weeds of the West. University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources Publication 3421: Oakland, CA. 442 p.

IPAMS Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth - Mississippi State University

 

Brazillian Egeria (Egeria densa):

California Invasive Plants Council

DiTomaso, Joseph M. and Healy Evellyn A. 2003. Aquatic and Riparian Weeds of the West. University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources Publication 3421: Oakland, CA. 442 p.

 

Eurasian Watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum):

California Invasive Plants Council

DiTomaso, Joseph M. and Healy Evellyn A. 2003. Aquatic and Riparian Weeds of the West. University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources Publication 3421: Oakland, CA. 442 p.

IPAMS Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth - Mississippi State University

 

Giant Salvinia (Salvinia molesta):

California Invasive Plants Council

DiTomaso, Joseph M. and Healy Evellyn A. 2003. Aquatic and Riparian Weeds of the West. University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources Publication 3421: Oakland, CA. 442 p.

IPAMS Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth - Mississippi State University

 

Hydrilla (Hydrilla verticillata):

California Invasive Plants Council

DiTomaso, Joseph M. and Healy Evellyn A. 2003. Aquatic and Riparian Weeds of the West. University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources Publication 3421: Oakland, CA. 442 p.

IPAMS Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth - Mississippi State University

 

Rock Snot (Didymosphenia geminata): 

DIATOMS of the United States

Environmental Protection Agency White Paper. “Increase in nuisance blooms and geographic expansion of the freshwater diatom Didymosphenia geminata: Recommendations for response.”

Global Invasive Species Database

Maine Department of Environmental Protection

Ministry for Primary Industries - New Zealand Government

 

Southern American Spongeplant (Limnobium laevigatum):

California Invasive Plants Council

DiTomaso, Joseph M. and Healy Evellyn A. 2003. Aquatic and Riparian Weeds of the West. University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources Publication 3421: Oakland, CA. 442 p.

Smooth frogbit or South American spongeplant Weed Report, UC Davis Weed Research and Information Center

 

Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes):

California Invasive Plants Council

DiTomaso, Joseph M. and Healy Evellyn A. 2003. Aquatic and Riparian Weeds of the West. University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources Publication 3421: Oakland, CA. 442 p.

IPAMS Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth - Mississippi State University

 

Water Lettuce (Pistia stratiotes):

DiTomaso, Joseph M. and Healy Evellyn A. 2003. Aquatic and Riparian Weeds of the West. University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources Publication 3421: Oakland, CA. 442 p.

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service 

 

Water Primrose - Creeping (Ludwigia peploides montevidensis):

California Invasive Plants Council

DiTomaso, Joseph M. and Healy Evellyn A. 2003. Aquatic and Riparian Weeds of the West. University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources Publication 3421: Oakland, CA. 442 p.

 

Water Primrose - Uruguay (Ludwigia hexapetala):

California Invasive Plants Council

DiTomaso, Joseph M. and Healy Evellyn A. 2003. Aquatic and Riparian Weeds of the West. University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources Publication 3421: Oakland, CA. 442 p.

 

Seaweeds and Hull Fouling Species

Asian Kelp (Undaria pinnatifida):

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Global Invasive Species Database

University of California, Cooperative Extension. “Hull Fouling Species of Concern in Southern California Coastal Marinas”.

 

Colonial Sea Squirt or Tunicate (Diplosoma listerianum):

Marine Species Identification Portal

Smithsonian Environmental Research Center NEMESIS database

University of California, Cooperative Extension. “Hull Fouling Species of Concern in Southern California Coastal Marinas”.

 

Devil Weed (Sargassum horneri):

Bushing, Bill. 2014. California Diver. “The Invasion of the “DEVIL WEED”: Sargassumhorneri invading California waters”

Sea Grant California. “The Spread and Ecological Consequences of the Invasive Seaweed, Sargassumhorneri”

Tanner, Richelle. 2013. Scientific American. “USCDornsife Scientific Diving: An Analysis of SargassumHorneri Ecosystem Impact”

 

Encrusting Bryozoan (Watersipora subtorquata):

Global Invasive Species Database

University of California, Cooperative Extension. “Hull Fouling Species of Concern in Southern California Coastal Marinas”

Smithsonian Environmental Research Center NEMESIS database

Smithsonian Marine Station

The Exotics Guide. Non-Native Marine Species of the North American Pacific Coast.

  

Killer Seaweed (Caulerpa taxifolia):

California Department of Fish and Wildlife & NOAA Fisheries. “Caulerpataxifolia Survey and Identification Information Package in Support of the Caulerpa Control Protocol.”

Global Invasive Species Database

Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary

 

Lacy Tube Worm (Filograna implexa):

Encyclopedia of Life 

MarLIN: The Marine Life Information Network

University of California, Cooperative Extension. “Hull Fouling Species of Concern in Southern California Coastal Marinas”.

WoRMS: World Register of Marine Species

 

Mud Tube Amphipod (Laticorophium baconi):

University of California, Cooperative Extension. “Hull Fouling Species of Concern in Southern California Coastal Marinas”.

WoRMS: World Register of Marine Species

 

Solitary Sea Squirts or Tunicates (Ciona spp .):

Marine Species Identification Portal

Smithsonian Environmental Research Center NEMESIS database:

Ciona intestinalis 

Ciona savignyi

University of California, Cooperative Extension. “Hull Fouling Species of Concern in Southern California Coastal Marinas”.

 

Spiral Tube Worms (Spirorbis spp.):

Encyclopedia of Life

Marine Species Identification Portal

University of California, Cooperative Extension. “Hull Fouling Species of Concern in Southern California Coastal Marinas”.

  

Tube Worms (Hydroides spp.):

Smithsonian Environmental Research Center NEMESIS database

Smithsonian Marine Station

University of California, Cooperative Extension. “Hull Fouling Species of Concern in Southern California Coastal Marinas”.

 

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