Foothill Farming
University of California
Foothill Farming

List of Publications — UCCE Placer and Nevada Counties

These publications have been created by UC Cooperative Extension to provide foothill-appropriate information on agricultural production, marketing, and farm economics. Crop specific publications provide information on production techniques as well as common concerns for farmers.

Click to jump to a section:

Citrus
Tree Fruit and Berries
Flowers
Vegetables
Grapes
Soil and Water Management
Marketing and Information Resources
Pest Management
Protected Cultivation
Equipment
Business
For Consumers

 



Catalog # Title Download
Citrus
31-006C Citrus Pest Identification
Visual guide to citrus pests in our region.
Free Download (PDF) 2015
Cindy Fake
31-007C Strategies for Reducing Water Use in Citrus Free Download (PDF) 2014
Cindy Fake
31-008C Pruning Citrus
Citrus are evergreen trees, thus generally require less pruning than deciduous trees. However, they do need to be pruned regularly for optimal fruit quality and productivity. Includes information on pruning tools, techniques, and types of pruning.
Free Download (PDF) 2012
Cindy Fake
31-009C Managing California Red Scale
Identification, monitoring, and management options.
Free Download (PDF) 2013
Cindy Fake
31-010C Citrus Nurseries in California
List of nurseries, products available, and contact information.
Free Download (PDF) 2016
Cindy Fake
31-011C Fertilizing Citrus in the Foothills
Citrus trees are not very nutrient demanding, but production of a high quality crop requires adequate amounts of the essential nutrients.
Free Download (PDF) 2015
Cindy Fake
31-012C Mandarin and Citrus Information on the Internet
Links to info on commercial production, species and cultivars, nutrition, pest management, and more.
Free Download (PDF) 2016
Cindy Fake
31-013C Citrus Pest Management
Identification and management of Citricola Scale, Cottony Cushion Scale, California Red Scale, Thrips, Asian Citrus Psyllid, Bacterial Blast, Brown Rot.
Free Download (PDF) 2015
Luci Wilson, Cindy Fake
31-014C Citrus Tissue Sampling
Citrus leaf analysis is an accurate way to determine the nutrient status of your trees. It is valuable for assessing nitrogen (N) and potassium (K) levels, as they move fairly easily in water, so soil tests may not give an accurate picture. Tissue testing for these nutrients is a better indicator of the effectiveness of your fertilizer program than is soil testing.

Free Download (PDF) 2010
Cindy Fake

31-015C Avoiding Cold Damage to Citrus
Strategies to minimize frost damage to citrus orchards, young trees, and fruit.
Free Download (PDF) 2011
Cindy Fake
31-017C Mandarin Fruit Quality
Foothill mandarins are renowned for flavor and sweetness. Maintaining quality is critical to the reputation of the Mountain Mandarin® and the future of the industry. Includes information on fruit quality factors; standard pack regulations; fruit defects; management, harvest, sorting, and packing practices.
Free Download (PDF) 2010
Cindy Fake, Steve Pilz
31-018C Growing Citrus in the Foothills
Mandarins are the signature fruit of the Sierra Nevada foothills. Warm days and cool nights during the growing season provide near-perfect conditions for production of high-quality flavorful fruit, the Mountain Mandarin®. Includes information on site selection, soil conditions and preparation, stock selection, planting, and management.
Free Download (PDF) 2011
Cindy Fake
31-019C Citrus Scale in the Foothills
Comparison of Scale Pest Species in Foothill Citrus.
Free Download (PDF) 2013
Cindy Fake
31-111 A Mandarin by Any Other Name

Free Download
(PDF)
Cindy Fake

Tree Fruit And Berries
31-020C Resources on Apple Production
List of web and print resources for apple production, including information on conventional and organic producton, varieties, and pest management.
Free Download (PDF) 2010
Cindy Fake
31-022C Orchard Pest Management
Identification and management of Peach Leaf Curl, Brown Rot, Fire Blight, Spotted Wing Drosophila, Peach Twig Borer, Codling Moth, and Oriental Fruit Moth.
Free Download (PDF) 2012
Cindy Fake, Luci Wilson
31-023C Best Management Practices for Copper
Copper is an effective bactericide and fungicide, commonly used for many fruit tree diseases and a few vegetable diseases. It is one of a very short list of fungicides available to organic producers. However, if used over a long period, copper can accumulate in soils and cause toxicity in certain crops. It can also contribute to water quality issues.
Free Download (PDF) 2015
Cindy Fake
31-024C Berry Information
Information and resources on berry crops; includes cost/return studies, plant sources, and information on growing and production for various types of berries.

Free Download (PDF) 2011
Cindy Fake
Flowers
31-030C Resources on Lavender Production
Information and links on growing, essential oil production, pest management, organic farming, and more.
Free Download (PDF) 2008
Cindy Fake
31-031C Resources for Cut Flower Production
Production information for cut flowers, including Lavender, Lilacs, and Peonies.
Free Download (PDF) 2008
Cindy Fake
31-032C Lavender Plant & Seed Sources
List of plant and seed sources, products available, and contact information.
Free Download (PDF) 2008 Cindy Fake
31-033C Resources for Christmas Tree Production
Production information for Christmas trees, including growing information, pest management, economics and marketing, and trade associations.

Free Download (PDF) 2008
Cindy Fake
31-034C
Practical Post-Harvest Handling of Cut Flowers
Best practices to follow for harvesting and handling field grown cut flowers to ensure quality and extend vase-life.
Free Download (PDF) 2015 Cindy Fake, Molly Nakahara
Vegetables
31-040C Managing Blossom End Rot
Blossom-end rot can cause significant crop losses in tomatoes and peppers, especially early in the season. Eggplants and occasionally watermelons may also be affected. Includes information on symptoms, causes, and management.
Free Download (PDF) 2011
Cindy Fake
31-041C Organic & Untreated Seed Sources
List of seed sources and contact information.
Free Download (PDF) 2013
Cindy Fake
31-042C Estimating Crop Yields & Planting Schedule
Tools and resources for estimating crop yields, planting date calculation, and CSA crop planning and calculation.
Free Download (PDF) 2014
Cindy Fake, Vanessa Reed
31-043C Vegetable Characteristics
Information on optimum temperatures, rooting depths, and general planting guidelines for vegetable varieties.
Free Download (PDF) 2011
Cindy Fake
31-044C Vegetable Plant families
Information on plant families; their descriptions and cultural characteristics.

Free Download (PDF) 2013
Cindy Fake
Grapes
31-050C Importing Grape Planting Stock into Placer and Nevada Counties
There are a number of restrictions on movement of grape vines, cuttings and equipment into Placer and Nevada Counties. We are relatively small, unknown counties in the scope of the California grape industry and nurseries in other counties may not be aware of the restrictions we have. This can be merely annoying or may create a major setback to the development of your vineyard if you are not aware of the regulations and come face to face with them after you have made your plans. So it is important to inform yourself before you purchase vines or used equipment from out of county.
Free Download (PDF) 2014
Cindy Fake
31-051C Vine Mealybug Alert for Grape Growers
There is a new pest threatening grapes in California and it may be invading Placer & Nevada counties. Vine mealybug (VMB) is new to California, but potentially extremely damaging to grape growers and our foothill wine industry. It is not the same as grape mealybug. Unlike other mealybugs, vine mealybug infests all parts of the grapevine and can kill vines.
Free Download (PDF) 2008
Cindy Fake
31-053C Growing Grapes in Placer and Nevada Counties
Placer and Nevada counties have a young, rapidly growing wine industry, composed of small vineyards and more than twenty small wineries. Contrary to many areas, the average prices paid for our grapes are actually increasing. This publication includes information on soil testing, varieties and rootstocks, quarantines, and education and resources.
Free Download (PDF) 2008
Cindy Fake
31-054C Internet Resources on Grape Growing
Links to information on production, soil testing, classes, and more.
Free Download (PDF) 2009
Cindy Fake
31-055C Powdery Mildew in Winegrapes
Key points in Powdery Mildew management.

Free Download (PDF) 2013
Cindy Fake
31-056C Strategies for Reducing Water Use in Grapevines


Free Download (PDF) 2014
Cindy Fake
Soil and Water Management
31-070C Foothill Hedgerow Species List
Hedgerows are permanent plantings that may include trees, shrubs, perennials, and grasses. They are usually located on the perimeters of agricultural fields, and have been used for centuries as barriers, boundary fences, windbreaks, and as sources of fuel wood and animal fodder. Today, these plantings play an important role in pest management, serving as habitat for birds, wildlife, and the beneficial insects called natural enemies, which prey on pests. Hedgerows may also suppress weeds, help prevent soil erosion, retain runoff on farm property, and reduce dust from farm roads.

Free Download (PDF) 2008
Cindy Fake, James Dumas

31-071C Cover Crops for the Foothills
Cover crops are a critical component of most foothill cropping systems. They are important in maintaining soil fertility, retaining water and preventing soil erosion in our high rainfall climate. They may also play a role in pest management.
Free Download (PDF) 2013
Cindy Fake, James Dumas
31-072C Organic Amendments
Organic and sustainable growers use amendments such as manures, animal and plant derived meals, and mined minerals to satisfy plant nutrient needs. These amendments serve as fertilizers, but many also have beneficial effects on the soil. Includes a table of organic amendments and nutrient analysis.
Free Download (PDF) 2008
Cheryl Buckwalter, Cindy Fake
31-073C Suppliers of Native Plants and Seeds for Hedgerows
List of sources, products, and contact information.
Free Download (PDF) 2007
Cindy Fake
31-074C Soil Analysis
Before making any major decisions about crops, you need to have your soil analyzed for its chemical properties. Many foothill soils are clay or decomposed granite and fairly acidic. At lower elevations, there are more neutral and slightly alkaline soils. For most crops, a slightly acidic soil is fine, but some crops may require a soil more or less acidic than yours, which can require major inputs of amendments. Includes information on nearby soil labs.
Free Download (PDF) 2015
Cindy Fake
31-075C BMPs for Water Quality
Water quality should be important to all of us, especially if water is in short supply. Farming practices can have major impacts on water quality, either improving or degrading it. Fortunately, vegetable and fruit growers have a wide variety of tools available when it comes to managing and improving farm water quality. This publication offers an overview of best management practices for water quality.
Free Download (PDF) 2012
Cindy Fake
31-078C Strategies for Reducing Water Use and Crop Stress
Includes information on perennial and vegetable crops, drought management, and critical periods for water stress in various crops.
Free Download (PDF) 2015
Cindy Fake
31-079C Compost & Manure Food Safety & Compost Recipe
When compost is properly managed, the high temperatures kill most pathogens within a few weeks. Improper composting, however, can pose a health risk.

Free Download (PDF) 2013
Cindy Fake, Kevin Marini
31-080C Nitrogen Best Management Practices
Nitrogen is a critical pollutant in the surface and ground waters of the State of California; its use is monitored by the Regional and State Water Quality Control Boards. Nitrogen is also a critical nutrient for most crops, and many plants need significant quantities to produce adequate yields. Planning and management are necessary to be sure that the nitrogen is taken up by crops, and not lost to the environment.

Free Download (PDF) 2016
Cindy Fake
Marketing and Information Resources
31-090C Internet Resources on Costs of Production
Information onproduction costs for greenhouse production, nursery crops, and vegetable and fruit crops.
Free Download (PDF) 2011
Cindy Fake
31-091C Internet Information Resources for New Growers
This information will help you make informed decisions about what to grow, how to grow it, and how to market it.
Free Download (PDF) 2015
Cindy Fake
31-092C Internet Resources on Organic Farming
Organic production information resources, including information on organic farming and certification, composting, cover crops, amendments, cost/return studies, pest management, supplies, and UC resources.
Free Download (PDF) 2015
Cindy Fake
31-093C Getting Started as a Direct Market Grower
You have made the decision to put in a commercial orchard, start a flower farm, or market vegetable operation. Congratulations, you are about to become a small-scale grower! But where do you start? Includes information on planning and market research, assessing your resources, crop selection, and business planning.
Free Download (PDF) 2015
Cindy Fake
31-094C Ag-related Community Resources
Organizations that serve agriculture in Placer & Nevada Counties.
Free Download (PDF) 2013
Cindy Fake
31-095C Market Windows of Opportunity
Growers are continually trying to find new varieties and products to bring to the market. This helps markets grow and provides a variety of produce to the consumer, making them into repeat customers. However, your edge in the market with a new or novel variety is only for a season or two at most. So, instead of switching varieties each year, consider changing your timing to take advantage of market windows.
Free Download (PDF) 2012
Cindy Fake
31-097C Tips for Farmers' Market Success
Useful tips on product, signage, display, and customer interaction.
Free Download (PDF) 2011
Claudia Smith, Cindy Fake
31-098C Local Market Wishlist
These products are needed in various markets in Placer and Nevada Counties, including Certified Farmers' Markets, produce stores, independent grocers, and other sales outlets.
Free Download (PDF) 2013
Cindy Fake
31-100C Marketing Resources
A good marketing strategy is key to your operation's success. But don't get overwhelmed! We've complied some useful publications to get you started.

Free Download (PDF) 2012
Trina Filan, Cindy Fake
Pest Management
31-110C Identifying Insects
Illustrated guide to identification of natural enemies and pest insects.
Free Download (PDF) 2013
Cindy Fake
31-111C California Biocontrol Suppliers
List of biocontrol sources, products, and contact information.
Free Download (PDF) 2013
Cindy Fake
31-112C Resources for Vegetable Pest Management
List of online and print resources.
Free Download (PDF) 2012
Anna Van Zuuk, Cindy Fake
31-113C Integrated Pest Management Basics
The basic principles of Integrated Pest Management (IPM), an ecosystem-based strategy that focuses on long-term prevention of pests or their damage using a combination of cultural, biological, physical, and chemical techniques.

Free Download (PDF) 2013
Cindy Fake
Protected Cultivation
31-120C Greenhouse and High Tunnel Resources
Internet resources on high tunnel and greenhouse production, management, IPM, economics, and marketing.

Free Download (PDF) 2012
Cindy Fake
Equipment
31-130C Small Farm Equipment Resources
Online, print, and periodical resources for equipment selection, buying, and maintenance.
Free Download (PDF) 2013
Anna Van Zuuk, Cindy Fake
31-131C Sources for Used Farm Equipment
Places where you can buy, sell, or indicate interest in various pieces of farm equipment. Most of these sites are specific to California but some countrywide sites may be useful.

Free Download (PDF) 2012
Anna Van Zuuk, Cindy Fake
Business
31-140C Farm Operations Planning
Steps to help you inventory where you are now and project where you need to be in order to be successful.
Free Download (PDF) 2012
Cindy Fake
31-141C Farm Risk Management
Agriculture is risky, yet many growers don't regularly assess or plan for the whole range of risks that can impact their operations. Provided here are resources and information to help you effectively assess and manage the complex mixture of risks and opportunities facing your operation.
Free Download (PDF) 2013
Trina Filan, Cindy Fake
31-142C Farming in Challenging Economic Times
Covers key strategies to improve your bottom line and to outline a farm business plan. Set your sights on your potential, not your problems — you'll be amazed by what you see.
Free Download (PDF) 2013
Cindy Fake
31-143C Elements of a Farm Business Plan
Understanding that farming is a business is the first step on the path to success. A business plan is the next step. This publication walks you through the process of developing a solid farm business plan.
Free Download (PDF)
Cindy Fake
31-144C 10 Keys to a Successful Farm Business Free Download (PDF)
Cindy Fake
31-145C

Farm and Ranch Rules & Regulations Checklist
A helpful checklist of rules and requirements, from licensing and insurance to labeling, food safety, and marketing of various crops and livestock.

Free Download (PDF) 2015
Deena Miller & Cindy Fake
For Consumers
31-111 A Mandarin by Any Other Name
A mandarin by any other name would taste as sweet, but what is it? This publication offers interesting information on the history of the mandarin, mandarin types, and the difference between mandarins and tangarines.
Free Download (PDF)
Cindy Fake
31-168 Vegetable Plant Families
Information on plant families; their descriptions and cultural characteristics.
Free Download (PDF) 2008
Cindy Fake
  What's In Season?
A handy pocket guide to finding and buying seasonal produce in Placer and Nevada Counties.
Free Download (PDF) 2013
Cindy Fake, Leda McDaniel, Julia Boorinakis Harper


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