Nutrition and Performance
Pig Nutrition 101
Water Quantity and Quality
Water is a vital nutrient, yet it is often overlooked. On average, pigs require 0.5 gallons a day for newly weaned pigs to over 1.5 gallons a day for grow-finish pigs (using nipple drinkers in warm conditions). Grow-finish pigs using bowl/cup drinkers usual require slightly less water, averaging 1.0 gallon a day (The Pig Site). Limitation of water intake reduces animal performance quicker and more dramatically than any other nutrient deficiency. Therefore, ensuring that cattle are receiving enough water is essential for maintaining the health and vitality for any pig operation.
When water quality is compromised animals could drink less water, thus negatively affecting their health and performance. Substances that can contaminate water supplies include, but are not limited to, nitrates, bacteria, organic materials, and suspended solids. These contaminations can cause the water to have an objectionable taste, odor, or color. To learn more about water quality and how to help ensure water quality on your operation see the water quality fact sheets below.
For California water quality testing see links below.
Myotoxins in Feed and Swine Performance
Mycotoxins are toxins produced by fungi on or in grain or feedstuffs when conditions are favorable for their development. Although most myotoxins are harmless to pigs (over 400 have been identified), several myotoxin species can be harmful to pig health and performance (i.e. . For more information on testing and managing myotoxins in feeds, see the resources below.
Pork Carcass Composition and Meat Quality 101
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