Last week, the UC Dry Bean Field Day was held on the UC Davis campus. The field day included presentations on dry bean breeding efforts for yield, pest management, and nutritional properties. Other presentations showed how technologies, like drones, can be used to detect drought stress or other characteristics of interest to plant breeders and growers. Thank you to all who presented and all who attended the meeting. For those who were not able to attend, the handouts are attached to this post. Good luck with the 2022 harvest season!
Remote Sensing of Plant Traits under Drought Stress
Nitrogen Fertility following Whole Orchard Recycling
Cowpea MAGIC Population
Improving Productivity and Nutritional Quality in Grain Legumes under a Changing Climate
Developing and Testing Complementary Sensors for Trait Prediction
Characterizing Bioaccessible Nutrition, Seed Coat Patterning, and their Genetic and Environmental Basis
UC Davis and UC Cooperative Extension will host the UC Dry Bean Field Day on Thursday, September 1, 2022 from 9:00am to 11:00am. The field day will begin at the Campbell Tract on the UC Davis campus, which is a different location from where it has been in recent years. The agenda is pasted below, and a downloadable version is attached to the bottom of this post. CCA continuing education credits have been requested (2.0 units of Crop Management). Thanks for your interest, and we hope to see you at the field day!
Attendees are invited to venture into the fields to look at the lima breeding materials, cooperative dry bean nursery, and heirloom-like dry beans at the student farm (38.541667, -121.767111), with Travis Parker, UC Davis
Unusual growth patterns were observed in a newly emerging baby lima field in Colusa County that were planted in late April, prior to a cold snap. The grower planted the field into baby limas at 70 lbs of seed per acre. The field was planted on April 28th in 3-4” row spacing at a 1.5 to 1.75 inch seeding depth. Soil temperature at planting was 57 degrees. The grower applied a pre-plant mix of Brawl (S-metolachlor) and Sonalan (ethalfluralin) at labeled rates. In the two weeks after planting, when beans were germinating and emerging, there was a cold spell, with a low of 37F.
The grower and PCA observed unusual growth patterns in seedlings including twisted and u-shaped stems, plants emerging and then growing back into the soil, stunting of the leaves and new shoots, swollen hypocotyl, and rusty red lesions on stems near the soil line. Some plants appeared to have hollow stems. About 20% of the plants did not emerge or died.
Plant samples were collected on June 1st and taken to the UC Davis Plant Pathology lab. At the lab it was observed that the lesions and abnormal vascular tissue, which often indicate disease, were not active infection sites. The tissue was not rotting or necrotic with some damage appearing more callous where damaged tissue had a clear end, and healthy tissue began (lesions did not extend into the stem tissue as one would expect from an infection). This type of damage is usually abiotic (not caused by a pathogen). Overall, diagnostic tests confirmed that there was no evidence of a pathogen and concluded that damage was caused by abiotic factors.
Seedlings grow more slowing in cool conditions and the baby limas had more residence time in the soil following germination because of the cool weather conditions. This led the bean shoots to absorb some of the pre-plant herbicide mix in the moist soils. Herbicides are designed to modify plant growth and the symptoms observed match expected symptoms from the tank mix that was applied.
Sonalan is MOA 3 (mode of action) and inhibits root growth. Brawl is MOA 15 and inhibits seedling shoot growth. Both in combination lead to stunted malformed plants with swollen stems and stubby roots as we saw in the field. Increased exposure from cold weather in wet soils along with a bit of soil crusting due to high magnesium levels in the soil led to unfortunate injury. Fortunately, plants will typically fill in and grow out of this type of abiotic damage as the season progresses. In the end, the field yielded well, over 3,500 pounds per acre (uncleaned).
The California Dry Bean Advisory Board is requesting applied research proposals for 2022. This commodity-based research request is sponsored by the California Dry Bean Marketing Order, under the guidance of CDFA (CA Dept Food & Ag). The Board has supported applied research by University programs for many years.
Attached, please find the grant application as well as a list of applied research priorities developed by the Dry Bean Advisory Board for 2022. In particular, the board is looking for projects in food science with developing new products for consumers, using California beans.
For current information on dry bean production in California as well as past reports funded by the board, see the Dry Bean webpage on the Agronomy Research and Information Center site. Previously funded research reports are available from this database.
Please share this call for proposals with colleagues and others who might be interested in dry bean research. Proposals are due by Friday, February 4, 2022.
Progress reports for projects funded by the dry bean industry in 2021 will also be due Friday, February 4, 2022. Attached is an example progress report.
Please submit proposals and final reports electronically to: Nick Clark, firstname.lastname@example.org. The final report will be uploaded in the UC ANR Dry Bean publication database referenced above.
If you have any questions, please contact Nick Clark or Michelle Leinfelder-Miles, email@example.com, UCCE Farm Advisors and UC ANR Co-Liaisons, CA Dry Bean Advisory Board.
We look forward to hosting the UC Dry Bean Field day next Tuesday at UC Davis. This is just a reminder that, due to Covid-19 safety precautions, pre-registration is required. There is no registration fee. Please visit https://tinyurl.com/ucbean21 to register. The agenda is pasted below, and a downloadable version is available from the registration page. CCA continuing education credits (2.0) have been approved. Thank you, and we hope to see you next week!
9:00 am General Introduction, Paul Gepts, UC Davis
9:10 am Improving Both Productivity and Nutritional Quality in Beans, Christine Diepenbrock, UC Davis
9:20 am Garbanzo Drought Tolerance Genetic Study, Claire Spickermann, UC Davis
9:30 am Applying Novel Sensor Technology to Studying Lygus Interactions in Lima Bean, Kimberly Gibson, UC Davis
9:40 am Green cotyledon and Growth Vigor Research, Varma Penmetsa, UC Davis
9:50 am Lima Bean Breeding and Cooperative Dry Bean Nursery, Antonia Palkovic, UC Davis
10:00am Dry Bean Research Update: Seed Treatments, Plant Growth Regulators, USDA Garbanzo Variety Trials, Rachael Long UC Cooperative Extension
10:15am Nitrogen Fertility in Common Beans following Whole Orchard Recycling, Michelle Leinfelder-Miles, UC Cooperative Extension
10:30am Travel to Agronomy Field Headquarters
10:40am Release of New Bean Varieties with Heirloom-like Seed Patterns, BCMV Resistance, and Improved Yields, Travis Parker, UC Davis
10:50am Post-emergence Herbicide Options for Broadleaf Weed Control in Blackeye-beans, Jose Luiz Carvalho de Souza Dias, UC Cooperative Extension
11:00am UC Blackeye Variety Trial Updates, Sarah Light, UC Cooperative Extension and Bao-Lam Huynh, UC Riverside
11:10am Travel to Campbell Tract Field
11:20am Physiological Breeding for Drought Resilience in Common Bean, Tom Buckley, UC Davis