With Hispanics driving population growth, the Carsey School researchers highlight that Hispanic infants are nearly 2.8 times more likely than non-Hispanics to be born into poverty.
“Today, over 5.4 million U.S. Latino children live in poverty, a number that exceeds the number of poor white children and the number for every other racial or ethnic minority group,” the report reads. “Latino children comprise 23.1 percent of America's children but 37.3 percent of its poor children.”
Hispanic fertility rates are 20 percent higher than non-Hispanics. However, according to the researchers, the poorest, least educated women — “for example non-citizens or non-English speakers” — disproportionately contribute to the number of Hispanic births.
The areas with the highest Hispanic fertility, the report notes, are those regions considered destinations for immigrants.
“High rates of Hispanic fertility in nonmetro areas are driven largely (but not entirely) by the high fertility of Mexican-origin Hispanics, who tend to be the least educated and skilled, and who typically have poverty rates well in excess of the native-born white population,” the report reads. “Hispanic fertility rates are particularly high in the new destinations that are receiving significant net inflows of Hispanic migrants.”
The fertility phenomena is contributing to significant demographic shifts where researchers expect younger, poorer Hispanics to overtake the older, non-poor white population.
“This racial and ethnic transformation will occur first and most rapidly in today's established and new Hispanic boomtowns, which are rapidly diversifying from the ‘bottom up,'” the report reads.
According to the Carsey School researchers, Hispanic mothers disproportionately have high indicators for poverty. For example, one in four begin childbearing in their teens, 70 percent have a high school education or less, and 40 percent are unmarried.
“Poverty risks are also higher among infants with foreign-born mothers and those with limited English. Hispanic infants are much more likely to have foreign-born mothers (52 percent), and those who do have a poverty rate of 38 percent. A disproportionately large share (12 percent) of Hispanic infants also have mothers who speak no English or poor English compared to all mothers (3 percent),” the report reads. “Poverty rates are exceptionally high for Hispanic infants whose mothers have limited English (52.4 percent).”
The report takes issue with the fact that just half of the families of poor Hispanic children are on food stamps and just 12 percent are accepting other forms of welfare, arguing that it reflects an unmet need.
“Poverty among recent Hispanic infants clearly raises the specter of new rural Hispanic ghettos and growing physical, social, and cultural isolation from the mainstream,” the researchers conclude.
“The results suggest that the prospect of full incorporation into American society is jeopardized for many Hispanic infants. Indeed, our analysis reveals especially large disadvantages among rural Hispanic infants and those in new destinations. The substantive implication is that the lack of income from work and government (for example, cash assistance) in new destinations is experienced disproportionately by Hispanics,” the researchers add.
Source: Published originally on http://www.breitbart.com/ as Nearly 25 percent of U.S. infants Hispanic ,have higher risk of poverty, by Caroline May, August 24, 2015.
Patti Wooten Swanson, asesora en nutrición y ciencias de la familia y del consumidor de Extensión Cooperativa de la Universidad de California en el condado de San Diego, aconseja “no invitar a las bacterias” a su cena de Acción de Gracias. Ella ofrece las siguientes recomendaciones si ha decidido comprar su pavo ya preparado:
Si acaba de salir del horno al comprarlo: mantenga sus alimentos en el horno a una temperatura de 140° y consúmalos en un lapso de dos horas o antes.
Si va a comer más tarde: no debe mantener los alimentos calientes por más de dos horas. Así que, tan pronto como los lleve a casa:
- Retire todo el relleno de la cavidad del pavo y colóquelo en un recipiente poco profundo dentro del refrigerador. (No necesita dejar que se enfríe primero).
- Corte el pavo en piezas pequeñas y corte en rebanadas la pechuga y métalos al refrigerador.
- No hay problema si deja los perniles y las enteras.
- Refrigere las papas, la salsa gravy y las verduras en recipientes poco profundos (para que puedan alcanzar rápidamente una temperatura de 40° F o menos).
- Mantenga fríos los alimentos que son fríos en el refrigerador.
Cuando sea hora de comer:
- Recaliente el pavo, relleno y platillos acompañantes hasta que produzcan vapor o, mejor aún, hasta que un termómetro de alimentos registre una temperatura interna de 165 °F.
- Caliente la salsa gravy hasta que hierva.
- Si usa el microondas, cubra la comida y dele vueltas al plato para que se caliente uniformemente.
Después de la cena: enfríe los alimentos antes de relajarse.
- Coloque todos los alimentos perecederos en el refrigerador o congelador antes de que pasen más de 2 horas después de haberlos cocinado.
- Corte el pavo que sobró en pedazos pequeños antes de refrigerarlo.
- Coloque las sobras de pavo, relleno y platillos acompañantes en recipientes poco profundos y refrigere a 40° F o menos.
- No olvide refrigerar los postres, particularmente los que han sido preparados con huevos o productos lácteos, como la tarta de calabaza.
- Congele las sobras que no piense comerse en los siguientes 3 a 4 días.
- Tire a la basura cualquier alimento perecedero que haya permanecido fuera del refrigerador por más de dos horas – incluyendo verduras cocinadas o crudas y fruta cortada. Así evite enfermarse por comida contaminada o echada a perder.
Después de 3 a 4 días
Tire a la basura todos las sobras que no se hayan comido.
¿Tiene más preguntas sobre seguridad alimentaria?
Llame a la línea directa sobre carnes y aves de la USDA al 1-888-674-6854 la cual estará funcionando el Día de Acción de Gracias de 8 a.m. a 2 p.m. tiempo del este, y de manera regular de lunes a viernes del 10 a.m. a 4 p.m., tiempo del este. O escriba a email@example.com.
The overwhelming reason for returning to Mexico was to reunite with family or after starting a family.
Pew's researchers, using data from U.S. and Mexican government sources, found that 140,000 more Mexicans returned to Mexico than came into the U.S. between 2009 to 2014.
About 900,000 Mexican immigrants returned to Mexico from the U.S. between 2009 and 2014, many taking about 100,000 U.S.-born children under age 5 with them. Because they are born to parents of Mexican nationals, Mexico considers Mexican-American children also Mexican nationals, so they were included in the overall total.
During the same time frame, an estimated 870,000 Mexican immigrants left Mexico to come to the U.S.
In addition, the same data sources from Mexico and the U.S. showed that the overall flow of Mexicans between the two countries is the smallest it has been since the 1990s.
A majority of the Mexican immigrants who left the U.S. for Mexico between 2009 and 2014 did so on their own, according to a Mexican survey cited in the Pew report. That same survey found that 61 percent cited family reunification as the top reason for why they chose to go back to Mexico. Another 14 percent said they returned because they were deported from the U.S. and 6 percent cited to find a job or because they got a job in Mexico.
Ana Gonzalez-Barrera, Pew researcher and author of the report, said these findings are not surprising given that the Mexican-born population in the U.S. has been declining since it peaked at 12.6 million in 2007. What is significant, she said, is that there hadn't been any evidence to show that the net flow from Mexico to the U.S. was negative until now.
"We finally have the evidence to show that the net flow is negative," Gonzalez-Barrera said.
The Pew report points to several reasons that could explain the reduction of Mexican immigrants coming to the U.S. in recent years, including the slow recovery of the U.S. economy following the latest Great Recession, which lasted from late 2007 through mid 2009.
Another reason could be stricter enforcement of U.S. immigration laws, particularly at the U.S.-Mexico border. The report also noted that increased enforcement in the U.S. has led to a rise in the number of Mexicans who've been deported since 2005.
Obama had been the target of protests last year and earlier for his administration's record deportation numbers, which were totaling more than 300,000 a year. Immigration activists and Latino groups had dubbed him "deporter-in-chief" for the high deportation rate.
Additionally, his administration focused enforcement on people who had been removed previously from the country and were caught trying to re-enter illegally.
But the administration also enacted the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program to shield from deportation some 700,000 young immigrants here illegally and has tried to shield millions more. The latest effort has been blocked in the courts by Republican governors.
Today, anestimated 11.7 million Mexicans live in the U.S., down from 12.8 million in 2007. This decline, according to the report, has been mostly due to the smaller number of unauthorized Mexican immigrants currently living in the U.S. There were 6.9 million unauthorized immigrants from Mexico living in the U.S. in 2007. That number has dropped to 5.6 million.
Mark Hugo Lopez, director of Hispanic research at the Pew Research Center, said he doesn't know how much of an impact the Pew findings will have in this presidential race.
"But certainly this is a topic area that the candidates have been talking about," he said, adding that several of the Democratic candidates in recent debates have referred to a 2012 Pew report that found the net migration from Mexico to the U.S. had reached zero.
Lopez also noted that the rise in the number of Asian immigrants coming to the U.S. could impact the immigration debate. He said China and India send the most immigrants to the U.S. each year, and that most Asian immigrants come to the U.S. through the legal immigration system to pursue an education or to work.
"It's interesting that migration from Mexico appears to now be turning towards Mexico at the same time that migration from Asia seems to be on the rise," Lopez said. "So perhaps the debate about immigration might turn towards legal immigration."
Source: Published originally on NBC News Latino as More Mexicans leaving than coming to the US – New Reportby Griselda Nevarez, November 19, 2015.
- Control de la porción: La cena de Acción de Gracias tiene mucho que ver con selecciones. Piense cuáles platillos puede dejar de comer sin que importe mucho y planee llenar su plato solo una vez. Es fácil dejarse llevar por la tentación de servirse una segunda o tercera vez.
- Frutas: Obtenga su porción de fruta en un postre a base de fruta. Manzanas horneadas, peras escalfadas e higos frescos son algunas opciones festivas.
- Granos: Use pan de grano integral o 100% de trigo integral para un relleno rico en fibra.
- Proteína: Sírvase tres onzas de pavo rostizado o una porción del tamaño de la palma de su mano. Deshágase de la grasa quitándole el pellejo al pavo antes de comerlo. Y no se sirva tanta salsa gravy.
- Verduras: Elija platillos acompañantes que incluyan verduras rostizadas o cocidas y evite las salsas cremosas y grasas agregadas. En su lugar, sazone las verduras con hierbas frescas para agregarles sabor.
- Lácteos: Pruebe el yogur sin grasa para agregar a los platillos acompañantes, en lugar de crema agria o mantequilla.
- No se olvide de mantenerse activo. Después de la comida festiva, camine, monte en bicicleta o juegue fútbol con la familia.
¿No sabe qué hacer con las sobras? Reinvente su festín de Acción de Gracias con estas recetas rápidas y fáciles:
- Batido de arándanos
Licue arándanos con yogur congelado bajo en grasa y jugo de naranja.
- Ensalada crujiente de pavo
Mezcle pavo cortado en cubitos con apio, manzanas, espinacas en trozos y mayonesa ligera.
- Frittata de relleno
Mezcle el relleno con un huevo y cocine muy bien, dádole forma de panqueque.
- Rollo de pavo y arándanos
Unte una tortilla de harina integral con salsa de arándanos, coloque una rebanada de pavo y verduras verdes en tiras y enrolle.
In general, 64 percent of millennials say they read and watch news online regularly, including 66 percent of blacks, according to the poll, conducted by the Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research and the American Press Institute. Sixty-five percent of white millennials say they keep up with the news online, while 53 percent of Hispanics do the same.
The findings suggest that, despite fears that millennials — those 18-34 years old — may not be going to traditional sources for news, they are clearly getting news from social media.
Overall, 57 percent of millennials say they get news and information from Facebook at least once a day, and 81 percent say they get it from Facebook at least once a week. And the poll found that Hispanics and blacks are just as likely as any millennials to have a paid news subscription.
"People of color are very wired and just as adept in using technology," said Tom Rosenstiel, executive director of the American Press Institute, which funded the study. "If you want a subject that hasn't been covered in the mainstream, millennials have found ways to get at that information through community sharing more than traditional ways. The way they get news is heavily influenced by topic."
In the 1990s, policy makers and advocacy groups expressed concern that minorities would be adversely affected by a "digital divide" in terms of access to technology. Over time, however, minorities emerged among the biggest users of certain forms of technology, such as smartphones.
The AP-NORC study found no evidence to suggest that blacks and Hispanics lag behind in terms of technology use with nearly all millennials across racial and ethnic groups using a smartphone, and half using a tablet.
There was little differentiation between racial groups in terms of getting news from Facebook, the poll found. But about half of black millennials said they comment on news stories posted to Facebook, compared to about 3 in 10 whites and Hispanics.
Blacks are also more likely to use Facebook for keeping up with what's "trending" on social media — 41 percent of blacks compared with 29 percent of whites and 24 percent of Hispanics.
Those who are Hispanic or black are more likely than white millennials to get news and information from YouTube (38 percent of Hispanics compared with 33 percent of blacks and. 20 percent of whites) and Instagram (30 percent of Hispanics compared with 45 percent of blacks and 19 percent of whites).
According to Rosenstiel, YouTube's popularity partially stems from users' ability to produce content without gatekeepers.
"We see topics that aren't mainstream finding a big audience — a lot of gamers, comedy, news commentary. As something goes mainstream, young people look for new channels to exercise some control," he said.
Streaming music, TV, or movies is the most commonly cited online activity among blacks, while keeping up with what their friends are doing is the most commonly cited online activity among Hispanics. For white millennials, checking and sending email was most common.
"What we've seen is millennials' similarities are much greater than the differences people thought that there were going to be," Rosenstiel said of the online experience. "We've created new common ground."
Source: Published originally on USNEWS.com as Poll shows similar levels of news, technology use among black, white, Hispanic millennials by Glynn A. Hill, Associated Press,August 21, 2015.