Processed Food Registration, Low Acid Canned Foods, Co-pack, Olive Oil
Processed Food Registration is an assurance that the food is being made to current health standards and that the process has been inspected and stored appropriately. The entity making the product is required to obtain a PFR for the kitchen(s) they use to make the product(s). The PFR is required for general food commodities (e.g. baked goods, noodles, processed fresh vegetables, seafood, snack foods, dietary supplements, etc.), there is no exemption. Note: extracts made with alcohol should be submitted to ABC but will most likely end up just needing a PFR.
The kitchen must be located in a licensed facility such as a business, no-profit, restaurant, and so on. Department of Health Services has a list of Certified Commercial Kitchens.
Here is where to obtain the PFR from California Department of Public Health (CDPH):
- Processed Food Registration website - CDPH
- Food Safety Fee Exemption Request - for businesses making less than $20,000/year gross income wholesale
- Organic Food Processors - CDPH
The permit is required for location(s) of:
- Processing/manufacturing and storing of product
- Warehouse/storage if separate location
- Cold storage or refrigeration facilities (Cold Storage License required)
- Low-acid food cannery (Cannery License required)
- Shellfish handling facilities (Shellfish Handling & Marketing Cert required)
- Bottled water facilities (Water Bottling Plant License and/or Bottled Water Distributor License required)
- Retail food facilities e.g. restaurant, tasting room (Food Facility Operating Permit required)
- Cottage Foods (Cottage Food Registration or Permit required)
- Baked goods
- Snack foods
- Refrigerated foods
- Fruit juices
- Processed Fresh vegetables that are naturally higher acid:
Tomato sauce (without any sweet or hot peppers added)
Many fermented fruits/vegetables
- Send in completed PFR application + check for fee
- Send in food safety fee exemption request + check for fee (if applicable)
Less than $20K wholesale gross annual income
Exclusively milling and/or drying flour or rice
- Food and Drug Branch Inspector will perform pre-registration facility inspection
Inspections typically cover these areas: business & product information, production & process controls, sanitation control, product labeling and advertising
- Pass inspection & PFR certificate issued.
NOTE: It is best to follow up with CDPH to make sure your permit is moving through.
Food Safety Certification is required when processing food on-site/at food facility; one employee/owner with food safety certification whenever un-packaged perishable food prep is occurring.
In addition, you (and anyone assisting you) will need to obtain a Food Handler Card - this verifies you are trained to handle food safely and is available online as a course. Included here are links to a flyer that talks a bit more about Food Handler Card and compares it with a Food Safety Certificate as well as a link to the list of companies that offer certification courses:
- Sonoma County Enviro Health Food Safety Manager Certificaton
- Food Handler Card courses
- Food Handler Card Law flyer
Per US Food & Drug Administration (FDA) “The nutrition labeling exemptions found in 21 CFR 101.9(j)(1) and 21 CFR 101.36(h)(1) apply to retailers with annual gross sales of not more than $500,000, or with annual gross sales of foods or dietary supplements to consumers of not more than $50,000.” “These exemptions pertain only to nutrition labeling information, and have no effect on all other mandatory information (i.e., statement of identity, net quantity of contents, ingredient statement, and name and address of manufacturer, packer or distributor).” Read more about the Small Business Nutrition Labeling Exemption.
Labeling information: CDPH Close-up on Food Labels
By regulation a LACF product is defined as, “any foods, other than alcoholic beverages, with a finished equilibrium pH greater than 4.6 and a water activity greater than 0.85. Tomatoes and tomato products having a finished equilibrium pH less than 4.7 are not classed as low-acid foods.” About LACF.
California Department of Public Health food safety laws require that low acid food products be processed in a food facility with a Cannery License. Low acid foods have a higher risk for food borne illness. If your product is low acid, or you suspect it might be, please visit CDPH Cannery Inspection Program to learn more.
Cannery process requires pressure processing to sterilize and kill clostridium botulinum spores, which causes botulism.
Exceptions (exemption examples require PFR):
- Low water activity products (aw <0.85) e.g. jams/jellies
- Naturally acidic e.g. peaches, apples
- Traditional fermented e.g. sauerkraut, fermented dill
- Others: small amounts of low acid (~<10%) e.g. some dressings
- Training in Better Process Control School or Acidified School
- Cannery license from CDPH
- Product and process submission and evaluation
- "S" letter filed with FDA
- Batch and record inspection for each batch at manufacturers cost
Testing pH of a food product:
- Steps to submit your product for testing to UC Laboratory for Research in Food Preservation.
- Request for pH Control (PDF) the test is free, however if submitting for re-test, the cost is $60.
If you aren't ready to undertake the processing yourself, or perhaps would like a way to test market or to get started more quickly, using a co-packer may be the option you are looking for. Using a qualified contract packer could enable you to devote your time to farming, while eliminating the enormous expense and responsibility of operating a production facility.
If you plan to store co-packed product, you will need to obtain a Processed Food Registration for the storage facility.
The following are provided as resources and are not endorsements.
- PRESERVE Farm Kitchens (formerly PRESERVE Sonoma)
- Specialty FoodResource.com list of their co-packer members by state
Decanting oil into bottles for sale, as innocuous as it seems, requires a Processed Food Registration (PFR) from CDPH-Food & Drug Branch and there is currently no alternative option to do this under a Cottage Food license. If add dried herbs or roasted garlic or any other additive to “spice up” your oil, then you would need a Cannery License.
You can contact the help desk for PFR’s, the contact info is under Additional Resources on the link above.