With President Donald Trump's administration taking steps to reduce the number of unauthorized immigrants in the U.S. — including through the construction of a wall at the southern border — here's what we know about illegal immigration from Mexico:
- The number of Mexican immigrants living in the U.S. illegally has declined by more than 1 million since 2007. In 2014, 5.8 million unauthorized immigrants from Mexico lived in the U.S., down from a peak of 6.9 million in 2007. Despite the drop, Mexicans still make up about half of the nation's 11.1 million unauthorized immigrants (52% in 2014).
- More non-Mexicans than Mexicans were apprehended at U.S. borders in fiscal year 2016 for the second time on record (the first was in fiscal 2014.) In fiscal 2016, 192,969 Mexicans were apprehended, a sharp drop from a peak of 1.6 million apprehensions in 2000. The decline in apprehensions reflects the decrease in the number of unauthorized Mexican immigrants coming to the U.S.
- Mexicans were deported from the U.S. 242,456 times in 2015 – up from 169,031 in 2005, but down from a recent high of 309,807 in 2013. The increase over the past decade is due in part to a 2005 shift in policy that increased the chances of being deported following apprehension in the border region. Prior to that change, many unauthorized immigrants were returned without a formal deportation order.
- Mexican unauthorized immigrants are more likely to be long-term residents of the U.S. As of 2014, 78% had lived in the U.S. for 10 years or more, while only 7% had been in the country for less than five years. By comparison, 52% of unauthorized immigrants from countries other than Mexico had lived in the U.S. for at least a decade as of 2014, while 22% had lived in the U.S. for less than five years.
- Unauthorized immigrants from Mexico make up at least 75% of the total unauthorized immigrant population in three states. This is the case in New Mexico (91%), Idaho (87%) and Arizona (81%). In California, Mexicans make up 71% of the state's unauthorized immigrant population, and they numbered more than 1.6 million in 2014 – the highest total of any state.
Source: Published originally on pewresearch.org, What we know about illegal immigration from Mexico by Jens Manuel Krogstad and Ana Gonzalez-Barrera on March 2, 2017.
La División de Agricultura y Recursos Naturales de UC ofrecerá un curso de tres días sobre la producción de pistachos, en el que se incluirán varios temas. El curso se llevará a cabo del 14 al 16 de noviembre en Visalia y ofrece a los participantes la información más actualizada e investigaciones hechas por varios expertos de la UC sobre la producción de huertas de pistachos, preparación de los campos de cultivo, plantación, poda, economía, enfermedades, manejo integrado de plagas y cosecha. El curso está diseñado para quienes hacen las decisiones en los huertos de pistachos y cubre lo último en investigación científica que apoya las prácticas actuales y en desarrollo en torno a la producción de pistachos, incluyendo las diferencias regionales.
El curso se llevará a cabo en el Centro de Convenciones de Visalia, ubicado en el 303 E. Acequia Ave en Visalia. La inscripción está abierta y consiste en un paquete de tres días que incluye un desayuno ligero y almuerzo para cada día del evento. La inscripción con un descuento termina el 23 de octubre. Para inscribirse visite http://ucanr.edu/registration2017pistachio.
Para ver más información actualizada y ser incluido en la lista para recibir avisos por correo, visite nuestro sitio web http://ucanr.edu/sites/PistachioShortCourse/.
Si tiene alguna pregunta, por favor contacte a Kellie McFarland al (530) 750-1259 o escriba firstname.lastname@example.org.
Celina Villanueva likes to shop for bargains without sacrificing quality. With a growing family of five to feed she is extremely cost-conscious.
“I look for the best product at the best price…I am loyal to products that I like and I recommend those that I like to my friends,” said the Peruvian native while shopping at a warehouse bulk store in Norwalk, Connecticut.
She is one of 28 million Hispanic females living in the U.S. who are gaining in consumer power and influence. According to new data, Latinas like Villanueva are in the driver's seat of U.S. growth.
“Marketers are looking at a new Latina,” explains Stacie M. de Armas, vice-president of Strategic Initiatives & Consumer Engagement at Nielsen. “While she is bilingual and bicultural ... she is also very much in pursuit of her American dream and that is evidenced by her educational attainment and her advancement in creating businesses.”
The report, released Tuesday by Nielsen, details the ascent of this demographic powerhouse, which grew 37 percent between 2005-20015. “Latina 2.0: Fiscally Conscious, Culturally Influential & Familia Forward,” reveals how younger Hispanic women and their buying power are outpacing the rest of the nation.
This new more educated Hispanic consumer, with an average age of 31, is charting the path with her purchasing choices, brand loyalty and digital acumen. This fifth report on Hispanics outlines how Latinas are price-conscious shoppers, prefer bulk wholesale stores and are health conscious, fashion-forward and digitally savvy.
“The phone is practically like my right hand. I use it for everything,” maintains Luz Garces, a native of Colombia while shopping recently at a mall in downtown Stamford, Connecticut. “Shopping, payments, college tuition. I do everything on my phone. It makes life easier.”
Smartphones are the tech device of choice for the socially connected, younger Latina 2.0. She is 15 times more likely than her non-Hispanic counterparts to have a smartphone, and 35 percent more likely to download or purchase music from online services, and significantly more likely than non-Hispanic white women to use social networking sites such as YouTube, Instagram, Google, Snapchat, and Twitter.
“On average, 42 percent of Latinas are spending nearly four hours a day on social media”, said De Armas, adding that Latinas rely on their smartphones “for connectivity and seeking information."
"She is not only an influencer but also influenced by what she sees on social media,” adds the first generation Cuban-American executive.
In addition, the data highlights how Latinas are postponing marriage for a little bit longer in order to pursue educational and career goals. Between 2013 and 2015, 74 percent of Hispanic females enrolled in college immediately after completing high school.
“As we are moving from a manufacturing based economy to a knowledge based economy, the Latina is really well poised and taking advantage of that by obtaining an education and then putting herself into the workforce,” explains De Armas.
Erika Cisneros reflects the new more driven Latina in the workforce.
“I believe that we want to strive to better ourselves and show our parents that what they couldn't accomplish, we might be able to go further," Cisneros said.
The 29-year-old worked her way up from the children's section at the Barnes & Noble in Stamford, Connecticut and is now their Digital Sales Lead.
These attitudes are creating a boom in Latina entrepreneurship.
“Latinas by nature are entrepreneurs and risk takers,” said Fanny Miller, president and organizer of Celebrando Latinas, the largest Hispanic conference nationwide held annually in San Diego, California.
The gathering focuses on teaching Hispanic women the basics of starting your own business. “Our culture and independence makes us natural salespeople...Latinas are always looking to grow bigger, to do something better. Most of our moms were entrepreneurs,” said Miller, a Colombian native who learned the importance of hard work at her family's businesses. “We saw our mom's work really hard. We learned from them.”
According to the latest Census data, Hispanic female majority-owned firms grew in number by more than 682,000, or 87 percent, during the last five-year period.
“We are not only changing the face, but also the economic future of America,” explained Latina businesswoman Nuria Santamaria Wolfe, a daughter of Salvadoran war refugees who emigrated to the U.S. in the 1980's. She is the co-founder and CEO of “Canticos”, an L.A. based start-up that sells bilingual books and children's products.
Nevertheless, De Armas said that Latinas remain true to their roots, with 73 percent agreeing that their cultural heritage is an important part of who they are, while 75 percent enjoy maintaining their traditions.
To reach these Latina customers, businesses need to understand their need for advice and tech solutions, as well as offer products relevant to their life stage, Nielsen said in its report.
Latinas are clearly finding their own voice in the consumer market.
“We think in English, but we feel in Spanish,” said Miller adding that the new Latinas want better in life. “We are the decision makers in our homes…It makes us more responsible to better ourselves.”
Source: Published originally on nbcnews.com, Young, Bilingual, Bicultural: Latinas Gaining Consumer Power, September 12th, 2017
Latinc provides a culturally-attuned professional social network
When software developer and information technology specialist Claritza Abreu first came to the U.S., she felt lost. She arrived from the Dominican Republic with the skills and degree worthy of a good job, but without the personal and professional connections to find one.
Now, many years later, Abreu's resume boasts a long list of high-level positions, and she is looking to smooth the way for other Latino individuals, whether they are recent immigrants, college graduates or others.
In early June, Abreu launched Latinc, a career-oriented social networking site and app tailored for the Latino community.
“I've been doing mentoring on a one-on-one basis, trying to help people,” Abreu said, “and I thought, ‘Can I do something more massive?'”
She found her answer in Latinc, whose structure she describes as a convergence of Facebook and LinkedIn
“It is the first and only mobile app for Latino professionals to connect,” Abreu said. “It's for professionals but more interactive and socially oriented. We wanted people to develop closer relationships for them to support each other in their professional careers.”
How it works
Latinc invites users to create profiles, request mentoring from another member, view daily suggested job openings and take industry-relevant low-cost online training courses. Members are encouraged to represent their full selves, Abreu said, including their heritage. Users identify their own or their family's country of origin with a flag icon attached to their profiles, which she says provides another connection point. In the future, users also will be able to identify as part of certain non-ethnic communities, such as LGBTQ, veterans or people with disabilities.
The platform's cultural attunement is incorporated in minor profile aspects as well, such as the ability for users to enter two first names and two last names.
Employers interested in drawing applicants from or otherwise connecting with Latino communities have reached out to Latinc leadership. These include the Massachusetts state department of education, Liberty Mutual and Latino professional organizations.
“This is going to be one single source where they can reach out to professionals — not only for recruitment, but also to the Latino community as one of the largest consumer markets in the United States to market products and services,” Abreu said.
The app and website are offered in Spanish and English, and there are plans to expand into Portuguese and French. Featured online trainings are not currently tied to accreditation programs, but talks are underway with colleges and other organizations to explore such a move.
Thus far, the platform is U.S.-only and focuses particularly on an audience of Latino millennials, which Abreu notes currently make up the largest minority group graduating from college.
The firm's revenue model is similar to other social media, with dollars coming in from advertising, company memberships, premium membership and job postings.
Latinc leadership is in talks with investors, and additional funding could accelerate marketing efforts — which Abreu says has been the most difficult part. The company has been spreading awareness on social media, as well as at Latino professional events. While the platform still is working to grow membership, Abreu says feedback has been positive and even non-Latino individuals have joined the site and app.
Abreu co-founded the platform with partner Mueen Delvi. Latinc now comprises a six-person Boston-based team and another six-person team in India. Abreu works part time at Latinc now, but if all goes well, she anticipates making it a full-time pursuit by January.
¿Cuál es la mejor forma de combatir el desperdicio de alimentos, ahorrar dinero y expandir el conocimiento sobre alimentos? Pregúntele a los Conservadores Maestros de Alimentos de la UC (UC Master Food Preserver Program).
Es mejor contar con un grupo de dedicados voluntarios que realicen demostraciones en persona en uno de los lugares de CSA. Granjas Tanaka, que se localiza en el condado de Orange, hizo precisamente eso. El programa de la granja denominado Agricultura Apoyada por la Comunidad (CSA, por sus siglas en inglés) entrega más de 1,600 cajas de frutas y verduras al mes a un grupo de abonados que se muestra altamente motivados en preparar y cocinar los alimentos. La misión de Tanaka CSA es educar a sus clientes tan bien como un postulado del Programa Conservadores Maestros de Alimentos de la UC.
Los voluntarios del Programa Conservadores Maestros de Alimentos de la UC han realizado, junto con Patty Nagatoshi, coordinadora del programa CSA en Granjas Tanaka, dos talleres para los clientes de CSA. Estas clases fueron diseñadas para preservar el contenido de las cajas de CSA, ya que los miembros de CSA con frecuencia batallan para encontrarle uso a cada producto que reciben. Los voluntarios les entregan una lista de recetas sugeridas como referencia después de los talleres. Estas clases están ayudando a que los clientes maximicen sus productos a la vez que reducen el desperdicio de alimentos.
Además, los voluntarios de los Conservadores Maestros de Alimentos llevan a cabo demostraciones durante los festivales de la fresa y maíz de la granja. Allí fue donde hicieron una demostración de cómo deshidratar láminas de fresa, preparar mermelada de fresa en el congelador, envasar relish de maíz y preparar caldo de maíz.