- Author: Pamela Kan-Rice
California's working landscape and the industries associated with agriculture and natural resources contribute significantly to the state's economy, according to a new study by the California Community Colleges Centers of Excellence for Labor Market Research, California Economic Summit and the University of California's Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources.
“When people think of California's economy, they think of entertainment, information technology and other industries. They may not think of working landscape,” said Glenda Humiston, University of California vice president, agriculture and natural resources. “People may be surprised to learn that California's working landscape accounts for 6.4% of the state's economy, supports more than 1.5 million jobs and generates $333 billion in sales.”
To measure the economic impact of the working landscape, researchers from the Centers of Excellence, California Economic Summit and UC Agriculture and Natural Resources analyzed federal data associated with employment, earnings and sales income of the nine segments that are essential to the working landscape: agricultural distribution, agricultural production, agricultural processing, agricultural support, fishing, forestry, mining, outdoor recreation and renewable energy.
Their analysis of 2018 data from the North American Industry Classification System showed the value of the working landscape in California comes in ahead of the health care, real estate, retail and construction industries. The top five economic drivers were government (21.9%), manufacturing (10.2%), information (9.3%), professional, scientific and technical services (7.5%), and finance and insurance (6.4%).
The researchers found the nearly 70,000 businesses associated with the working landscape paid $85 billion to workers in 2018 and generated $333 billion in sales income. In terms of job numbers, earnings, sales income and number of establishments, four segments dominate: agricultural distribution, agricultural production, agricultural processing and agricultural support.
Agricultural production provides the greatest number of jobs, more than 325,000, and generates the second highest sales income, $61 billion in 2018. Although agriculture accounts for 79% of working landscape sales income, it is important to note that other working landscape segments are still sizeable when compared to the rest of the nation.
In addition to evaluating the contribution of the industries to the state's economy, the researchers measured the importance and impact of the nine working landscape segments by region. For example, some segments, although relatively small in terms of employment or sales income, are cornerstones of local economies and play a critical role in the livelihoods of communities.
The Los Angeles/Orange County region, the San Francisco Bay Area, and San Joaquin Valley have the greatest concentration of jobs for agricultural distribution, agricultural processing, agricultural support, mining and renewable energy. The San Joaquin Valley leads in agricultural production, followed by the Central Coast. Los Angeles/Orange County has the most forestry, fishing and outdoor recreation jobs.
This report does not include economic values for ecosystem services provided by California's working landscape such as clean water, nutritious food and a livable climate, or intangible goods that contribute to human well-being, such as recreation, aesthetic inspiration and cultural
To read the report “California's Working Landscape: A Key Contributor to the State's Economic Vitality,” visit http://ucanr.edu/WorkingLandscape. A one-page executive summary is available at http://bit.ly/2WTA7Vz.
- Author: Dohee Kim
Don Hodel, University of California Cooperative Extension environmental horticulture advisor for Los Angeles County, will retire July 1 after more than three and a half decades.
“He is a valuable resource in Southern California and has provided me with assistance on many occasions,” said Jan C. Scow, a registered consulting arborist based in Santa Monica. “Most valuable, and where I have turned to him most frequently for his expertise, is his global knowledge of palm trees.”
Hodel, whose research focuses on the selection, planting and management of woody plants in the landscape, is an internationally recognized leader in the environmental horticulture world.
“Don has been a reliable first-call for advice and recommendations and palms and ficus,” said James Komen, a consulting arborist based in Glendale. “He has been an encyclopedia of tree and plant identification. He has an infectious excitement for all things new, and he has been willing to challenge long-held assumptions in his search for truth.”
Hodel has contributed valuable knowledge to the California landscape industry, according to Komen.
Hodel introduced and promoted new woody plant material suitable for California's climate. He developed landscape plant management techniques and practices that reduce green waste stream, support sustainability and help residents save money. He also advocated irrigation practices that help save water and management techniques that reduce damage to plants by landscape pests and diseases.
“He has left a legacy of trees by adding to and caring for the collections of many arboreta, including the Los Angeles County Arboretum in Arcadia, and the Ho'omaluhia Botanical Garden in Kaneohe, Hawaii,” Komen said. “He has conducted, led, collaborated on and inspired research and experimentation that has been published in trade and peer-reviewed journals including Arboriculture and Urban Forestry, Arborist News, Western Arborist, and Palms. His book on common landscape palms in California has been a go-to resource for landscapers and arborists alike.”
The City of Long Beach, with over 93,000 street trees and 27,000 park trees, sought Hodel's advice.
“Mr. Hodel was instrumental in diagnosing and identifying the tulip tree scale affecting our magnolia trees throughout Long Beach,” said Jerry Rowland, an arborist for Long Beach Public Works Department. Hodel was able to diagnose the ficus branch dieback that affected many ficus trees in the city and identified eight declining palm trees that needed to be removed and replaced, Rowland said. Long Beach's Parks Department, Marine Bureau, and Tidelines also tapped Hodel's expertise.
In 2014, Hodel produced and co-presented a day-long seminar in Spanish for Spanish-speaking tree workers on palm biology and working safely while managing palms. “It was immensely rewarding interacting with these workers, especially seeing them grasp the knowledge and techniques that will help keep them safe,” Hodel said.
“Don has been a teacher, a selfless resource of valuable information, a colleague and a friend,” arborist Scow said, adding, “Don has provided a valuable and welcome boost to many in the arboricultural profession and has ‘done the UC proud!'”
Over the years, Hodel has received numerous prestigious awards including UC ANR's Award for Research (1993), Western Chapter International Society of Arboriculture Award of Arboricultural Research (2009), and Southern California Horticulture Association's Horticulturist of the Year (2014).
“I have been honored and privileged to have worked for the University of California for 36 years doing what I love—researching, writing and sharing information with homeowners and the landscape industry,” Hodel said. “I am very thankful to UC for providing me with a platform to accomplish my work.”
Hodel received his bachelor's degree in ornamental horticulture from the California State Polytechnic University in Pomona and his master's degree in tropical horticulture from the University of Hawaii in Honolulu. Prior to joining UC, he worked in the industry for eight years in Hawaii and California.
“We will miss him very much,” said Keith Nathaniel, UC Cooperative Extension director for Los Angeles County. “His work has contributed tremendously to UC Cooperative Extension and its mission of addressing local issues with innovative solutions through the power of UC research. It will be difficult to replace his high-caliber knowledge and expertise.”
“Personally speaking,” Rowland said, “it has been a pure joy working with Mr. Hodel. Over time I have come to know him as my friend, I wish him best wishes on his retirement.”
During retirement, Hodel plans to remain active and continue his support of the university with his emeritus status. Along with completing his current research projects, he plans to finish writing three books. One is about the palms of Cuba, based on his three research trips to the island-nation from 2016 to 2018. The second is a guide to identify and manage ornamental Ficus (figs) in California and Hawaii. The third is a compendium of dryland trees suitable for the Southern California landscape.
“I have a lot of information in my head that I want to share before it is too late!” said Hodel.
- Author: Pamela Kan-Rice
Researchers who have been investigating the impacts of the Camp Fire and other urban fires in Northern California will gather June 4 in Chico to share what they have learned. Members of the public are invited to attend the Camp Fire Water Resources Monitoring and Research Symposium, which will be held at the California State University, Chico Farm located at 311 Nicholas C Shouten Lane, Chico, CA 95928.
“The recent urban fires across California have raised questions about the fire impacts on watershed health, food safety and groundwater,” said Tracy Schohr, UC Cooperative Extension livestock and natural resources advisor for Butte, Plumas and Sierra counties, who is organizing the symposium.
“The Camp Fire Water Resources Monitoring and Research Symposium on June 4 creates a forum for researchers across a broad spectrum of disciplines to share findings from research conducted in Butte County and across the North State.”
“Chico State is partnering with University of California Cooperative Extension to host this educational symposium to help our community understand the impacts of the Camp Fire,” said Kasey DeAtley, Chico State professor in the College of Agriculture. “In a region rich in natural resources and agriculture production, there has been significant interest in the topic of urban fire implications and researchers have been working hard to find answers that will be shared at the symposium.”
The program will start at 9 a.m. and will feature three sessions. The day will kick off with a session titled “First Year Findings,” looking at initial rapid response for water quality, surface water monitoring, groundwater monitoring and more.
The second session is on “Urban Fires Impacts on Food and Agriculture” and will feature research presentations from UC Cooperative Extension on livestock drinking water quality and forage, eggs laid by backyard poultry, fruits and vegetables grown in gardens, and post-fire forest management.
The symposium will conclude with a session on future investigations, with Chico State professors sharing an overview of a comprehensive study underway to understand the impacts of the Camp Fire on water quality and soil health.
For more information and to register, visit https://ucanr.edu/sites/Rangelands. The event is $50 to attend and includes program materials, morning refreshments and lunch. Parking is free at the Chico State Farm.